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Estrela do Norte, São Paulo State (Brazil)

Last modified: 2012-11-04 by ian macdonald
Keywords: sao paulo | estrela do norte |
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Estrela do Norte, SP (Brazil) image by Dirk Schönberger, 26 October 2012

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About the Flag

An upright white cross on a red field, with a white star in the canton and the municipal arms on a white disk in the centre.

Official website at 
Dirk Schönberger, 26 October 2012

The municipality of Estrela do Norte (2,661 inhabitants in 2010; 26,327 ha) is located in the northwestern part of São Paulo State.

Estrela do Norte originates in a settlement known as Patrimônio Dragão, founded by José de Paula Carvalho (Zé Chiquita). Its next owner, Colonel Albino da Cruz Sobrinho, renamed it Patrimônio Coronel Albino, and eventually Patrimônio Estrela do Norte, for an estate of the same name he owned in Minas Gerais. Albino started the development of an urban nucleus, with the help of Colônia Japonesa. The district of Estrela do Norte was established on 30 December 1953 by Law No. 2,456, as part of the municipality of Pirapozinho. The municipality of Estrela do Norte was established on 28 February 1964 and inaugurated on 21 March 1965.

The symbols of Estrela do Norte, designed by Lauro Ribeiro Escobar, are prescribed by Law No. 11,774 of 2 June 1973.

The flag is red with a white cross and a white star in canton. In the middle is placed a white disk charged with the municipal coat of arms.

The municipal coat of arms is: "Iberci shield gules charged with two dragons affronty ensigned with a star all argent. The shield surmounted by a mural crown agent of eight towers port and windows sable. The shield supported dexter by a branch of cotton and sinister by a plant of bean, the two leaved and fructed proper. Below the shield a scroll gules inscribed with the toponym 'ESTRELA DO NORTE' argent."

The Iberic shield, used in Portugal at the time of the discovery of Brazil, evokes the first colonists of the country. Gules (red) represents in heraldry audacity, courage, valor, bravery, intrepidity, nobleness, generosity and honour, characteristic of the early pioneers. The dragons affronty (facing each other in an aggressive posture) refers to the old name of the settlement, Patrimônio de Dragão. The dragon is also the heraldic emblem of vigilance, custody, prudence, loyalty and knowledge, alluding to the location of Estrela do Norte close to the border and its commitment to the preservation of the local heritage. The star is a symbol of light through the night, safe guide, bright future, aspiration to highness, and affirmation of the belief to a splendid future. The star ("estrela") also recalls the name of the municipality, making the arms canting. Argent means happiness, purity,, truth, frankness, integrity, equity, beauty and temperance, characteristic of the atmosphere of harmony and of the virtues of the inhabitants. The mural crown is the symbol of municipalities. The open gates sable (black) emphasizes the hospitality of the inhabitants of the town. The cotton and bean plants represent the soil fertility and a main source of income. - Municipal website
Ivan Sache, 1 November 2012