Last modified: 2014-04-14 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: boxers army | china | qing dynasty |
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image by Jaume Ollé, 02 December 2009
The red triangle flag charged with white and black yin yang and four white
circle with white border.
The Boxer Rebellion, more properly called the Boxer Uprising, or the Righteous Harmony Society Movement (simplified Chinese: 义和团运动; traditional Chinese: 義和團運動; pinyin: Yìhétuán Yùndòng) in Chinese, was a violent anti-imperialism, anti-Christian movement by the "Righteous Harmony Society" (Yihe tuan), or "Righteous Fists of Harmony" or "Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists" (known as "Boxers" in English), between 1898 and 1901. In response to imperialist expansion, growth of cosmopolitan influences, and missionary evangelism, and against the backdrop of state fiscal crisis and natural disasters, local organizations began to emerge in Shandong in 1898. At first, they were relentlessly suppressed by the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty of China. Later, the Qing Dynasty tried to expel western influence from China. Under the slogan "Support the Qing, destroy the foreign" (扶清灭洋), Boxers across North China attacked mission compounds.
In June 1900, Boxer fighters, lightly armed or unarmed, gathered in Beijing to besiege the foreign embassies. On June 21, the conservative faction of the Imperial Court induced the Empress Dowager, who ruled in the emperor's name, to declare war on the foreign powers that had diplomatic representation in Beijing. Diplomats, foreign civilians, soldiers and some Chinese Christians retreated to the Legation Quarter where they held out for fifty-five days until the Eight-Nation Alliance brought 20,000 troops to their rescue.
The Boxer Protocol of September 7, 1901 ended the uprising and provided for severe punishments, including an indemnity of 67 million pounds.
The Qing Dynasty was greatly weakened, and was eventually overthrown by the 1911 revolution, which led to the establishment of the Chinese Republic.
Nozomi Kariyasu, 02 December 2009
image located by William Garrison, 01 February 2011
Antique Chinese flag at
Relic from the Boxer Rebellion!
"This blood staind flag of a FLYING TIGER with fire scrolls" a discription that Bonhams Auction rooms of London gave to it. This item has been in my family for over a 100 years. One of my ancestors served in the British Army in China during the Boxer Rebellion, he took this banner to England after he finished his mission in China.
This rare (only one similar found in the National Maritime Museum in London) flag has some signs of age. Due to the fact it weathered battle. Faded, stained, some tears just as much as it is shows on the photographs. It is still a complete piece of hand-crafted art.
Size of the flag: 80.5cm x 79cm (31,7 x 31 in.)
William Garrison, 01 February 2011