Last modified: 2017-11-11 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: neu-ulm | tricolour | tower(silver) | embattled |
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the area on the right bank of the Danube belonged to the Imperial City of Ulm until 1802 and had since then been a multi purpose area. It included an outpost of the local fortress, the wharfs for shipping and rafting, the barracks of the rifles, handicraft shops and gardens of the citizens. In 1802 , forced by French Emperor Napoleon I, the city of Ulm was incorporated into the Electorate of Bavaria. On 24 April 1810 the Compiègne Treaty caused a mutual cession of territories between Württemberg and Bavaria that way, that the parts of Ulm on the right river bank remained Bavarian. The river danube became the new border between both kingdoms and thus the modern history of Neu-Ulm began.
At this time Neu-Ulm was very small with little more than a few houses, taverns, acres, pastures and the village of Offenhausen. It was still known as Ulm on the right bank (of the Danube). The name "Neu-Ulm" was first mentioned on records in 1814.
The town's economic boom began in 1841, when the Frankfurter Bundesversammlung announced the building of a new fortress of the German Confederation in Neu-Ulm, a so called "Bundesfestung". Due to the wishes of King Ludwig I, the city was embedded into the fortress. It became a garrison in 1853.
The city began to blossom under Mayor Josef Kollmann at the end of the 19th century. After WW1 the garrison was closed, which first caused a crisis, because many citizens earned their livelihood by serving the
Source: Bibliographisches Institut(editor): "Farbiges Großes Volkslexikon", vol.8, Mannheim 1981
Klaus-Michael Schneider,18 Mar 2014
Description of banner:
In 1857 the town was granted a coat of arms, draft by local heraldrist Heideloff, and in 1869 it gained city rights, granted by King Ludwig II. The coat of arms is twice divided per fess into of black over white over blue and topped by a mural crown. The whole is superimposed by a silver (= white) embattled tower with port and windows black, first on top of a green hill.
The tower is alluding to the importance of the federal fortress. The mural crown was omitted later. After slight modification the current version was fixed by the Bavarian government in 1959. Black and white had been the colours of the Imperial City of Ulm and white and blue are the colours of Bavaria. A banner existed at least since 1968, probably earlier.
Source: Stadler 1968, p.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 18 Mar 2014
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