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Orellana Province (Ecuador)

Provincia de Orellana

Last modified: 2014-05-17 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: ecuador | orellana |
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image by Pascal Gross, 15 Febuary 2001

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There exists a new provincia of Orellana (since july 20, 1998).
Dirk Schonberger, 27 November 2000

It looks as though Orellana has been created out of the big Napo province.
Franc Van Diest, 30 November 2000

On July 30, 1998 the new province of Orellana (Ecuador) has been created and, recently, we were looking for any information about a possible flag for this new province. Hopefully, today I've been able to find an image of this flag together with a picture showing it flying at <>. I've made an attempt of reconstruction of this flag assuming that the black stripe is 1/4 of the length of the flag. No information is available about the symbolism of the colours but we can guess that the black stripe is here to illustrate the petroleum exploited in this area.
Pascal Gross, 15 Febuary 2001

Orellana is an inland province of Ecuador. The capital is Puerto Francisco de Orellana (also known as El Coca). The name of the province derives from the explorer Francisco de Orellana who is told to have sailed from somewhere near the town to the Atlantic Ocean. He did this trip several times looking for the gold city of El Dorado and in search of a rumored Nutmeg forest which at the time was a very expensive spice. During his voyages he met a ferocious tribe of Indians who attacked his ships and many among them were women. This led to the naming of the river as the Amazon river. The province is divided into four cantons.
Jens Pattke, 28 September 2008

Coat of Arms

image by Jens Pattke, 28 September 2008

At the pages <>, one finds the description of the Coat of Arms of the Ecuadorian province of Orellana. I have foundthe image of the provincial arms at a tourist brochure.
Jens Pattke, 28 September 2008

Translated from this web site:
"Based on a concept both ancestral and current. Made of a central triangle meaning a lance head as well as an oil derrick. In base, the flag of the Province of Orellana supports the symbols. On the left side of the triangle, the flags of the Cantons of Francisco de Orellana and Loreto; on the right side of the triangle, the flags of the Cantons of Aguarico and Joya de los Sachas. The cantonal flags are hoisted on natives' lances made of "chonta"* decorated with "chambira"** threads tied to them. Inside the triangle are placed the following symbols:
- in upper point, an oil derrick, symbolizing the resources from our subsoil;
- in the lower left part, a triangle of light colour, representing the exuberancy and biodiversity of our Amazonian forest; also pictured a Waorani*** together with a monkey, a "chonta"* and a tatoo on a lance;
- in the lower right part, a celeste triangle with a tug boat, representing navigation and trade with the neighbouring countries, Peru and Brazil, and worldwide via the river Napo****, tributary of the Amazone. Also recalling that we owe a genuine treasure of water resource;
- in the middle of the main triangle, a sun in the center, crossed by a green arc and a red parrot with its wings spread over the arc, the arc being charged with four stars recalling the four cantons forming the Province of Orellana;
- in the lower central part, an open book meaning science, education, virtue and work, together with a cross recalling us Christian love and solidarity.
The shield is crowned by the Ecuadorian Tricolour, with the writing "1998 PROVINCIA DE ORELLANA 2001" symbolizing and recalling our position of sentinels of the Amazonian border.
The name of the designer is Mrs. Dorix Cortéz, who has been teaching her knowledge to children and youth for more than 20 years."  

* different species of palms, which have been important to the livelihood of indigenous peoples in the Amazon region since ancient times: <>.
** Astrocayum chambira Burret, another palm of significance for the indigenous peoples  
*** a.k.a Huaorani or Waos. Some 4,000 individuals living on some 700,000 ha, constantly endangered by oil prospection and illegal logging.
**** the first tributary of Amazon explored by the Spaniards, led by Francisco de Orellana (1540-1541). Orellana (1511-1546) founded Guayaquil and baptized the Amazon.
Ivan Sache, 29 September 2008