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Quintanilla Vivar (Municipality, Castilla y León, Spain)

Last modified: 2016-04-09 by ivan sache
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Flag of Quintanilla Vivar - Image by Ivan Sache, 2 March 2015

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Presentation of Quintanilla Vivar

The municipality of Quintanilla Vivar (77 inhabitants in 2010; 1,338 ha) is located in the center of the Province of Burgos, 10 km of Burgos. The municipality is made of the villages of Quintanilla Vivar (capital) and Vivar del Cid.

Quintanilla Morocisla was founded in 882 by a few families led by Munio Cixilia, a colonist of Visigothic origin; the resettlers must have came from León. In 1103, King Alfonso VI confirmed the Burgos charter and extended it to the villages forming its alfoz (group of villages), including Quintanilla; the village was documented in 1124 as Quintaniella de Munio Cisla.
Vivar del Cid is named for the famous hero Rodrigo Díaz, aka El Cid Campeador (1041/1054-1099), although there is no historical evidence he was born in Vivar. A warlord serving different Christian and Moorish rulers, Rodrigo Díaz is the hero of the first Spanish cantar de gesta (chanson de geste), El Cantar de mio Cid, written in 1195-1207, and of the French classic tragedy Le Cid, written by Pierre Corneille (1636). Rodrigo Díaz appears as a champion of the Christian cause, which he was not totally, since he acted as a mercenary for Moorish leaders after disputes with King Alfonso VI and eventually ruled over a large principality around Valencia, nominally only on the King's behalf.

Ivan Sache, 12 March 2011

Symbols of Quintanilla Vivar

The flag and arms of Quintanilla Vivar, adopted on 6 July 2000 by the Municipal Council, are prescribed by a Decree adopted on 11 October 2000 by the Burgos Provincial Government, signed on 19 October 2000 by the President of the Government, and published on 8 November 2000 in the official gazette of Castilla y León, No. 216, p. 13,660 (text).
The symbols are described as follows:

Flag: Quadrangular flag, with proportions 1:1. Three horizontal stripes, the first yellow (0.30), the second white (0.40) and the third green (0.30). In the middle of the flag is placed the municipal coat of arms.
Coat of arms: Vert a fess wavy argent, in chief a tower and a fence argent a sword and a hoe or, in base a garb of five spikes or a garb of poppies gules fimbriated or ensigned with a cross patty or between two bezants of the same. The shield surmounted with a Royal crown closed.

The Royal Academy of History rejected the proposed coat of arms, which includes no less than nine charges, some of them represented in odd perspective view, other scattered over the field or grouped in incoherent combinations, such as the sword and the hoe.
The flag proposal, charged with the rejected coat of arms, should be reworked in a joint new proposal of flag and arms.
[Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia, 2002, 199, 3: 452]

The flag in official use (photo) is in proportions 2:3 instead of the prescribed 1:1, with equal stripes instead of the prescribed 3:4:3 proportions.

Ivan Sache, 2 March 2015