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Jumilla (Municipality, Region of Murcia, Spain)

Last modified: 2016-04-25 by ivan sache
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Flag of Jumilla, two versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 5 May 2015

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Presentation of Jumilla

The municipality of Jumilla (25,478 inhabitants in 2014; 97,200 ha, therefore the 2nd biggest municipality in the Region by its area; municipal website) is located in the north of the Region of Murcia, on the border with Castilla-La Mancha (Province of Albacete) and the Valencian Community (Province of Alicante), 70 km of Murcia.

Jumilla was the site of several Roman villae, such as the Cypress' Villa (4th century), which yielded beautiful mosaics exhibited in the Jerónimo Molina municipal museum. The Casón (Big House), a funerary pantheon, is among the best preserved paleochristian monuments (5th century) in Spain; it was proclaimed a National Monument in 1931. The statue of god Hypnos found nearby is exhibited in the National Museum of Berlin.
The place was definitively settled by the Moors, who erected a fortress on the hill dominating the town. Jumilla was first documented during the Aragonese rule over the Kingdom of Murcia, by a charter dated 1327. The town was eventually incorporated to the Kingdom of Castile on 27 April 1358. Jumilla was transferred in 1445 to the Marquis of Villena, who would rule the town until the suppression of the feudal system, and rebuilt the castle, as it stands now, in 1461.

Jumilla is the birth town of Juan Lozano (c. 1610-1679), Bishop of Tropea (1646), Mazara del Vallo (1656), Archbishop of Palermo (1669) and of Plasencia (1677), and of the historian Juan Lozano y Santa (1731-1808), author of Bastitania y Contestania del Reino de Murcia (1797), for long the main source of information on the Kingdom of Murcia.

Ivan Sache, 5 May 2015

Symbols of Jumilla

The flag of Jumilla (photo, photo, photo, photo, photo, photo) is horizontally divided in nine stripes, in turn blue and white, with the municipal coat of arms in the middle.
The flag hoisted on the Town Hall in 2013-2014 had lighter blue stripes than the regular flag (photo, photo, photo).

The coat of arms of Jumilla was granted to the town on 27 April 1358 by King of Castile Peter I the Cruel, together with a charter. The arms feature the events that ended with the re-incorporation of Jumilla into the Kingdom of Castile.
Reconquerred from the Moors in 1248 by King Ferdinand III the Saint, Jumilla was subsequently ruled by Infante Alonso de la Cerda, a nephew of Alfonso X the Wise. After the transfer of the Kingdom of Murcia to Aragón, Jumilla became an Aragonese border town. Not pleased with the new situation, the nobles of the town plotted for the return to the Castilian rule, secretly approaching Peter I in 1357. The next year, the king ordered his brother Fadrique, Master of the Order of St. James, to seize Jumilla, which was achieved in April 1358.
The 1st quarter of the arms feature a castle and a church, the two main buildings of Jumilla at the time. On the 2nd quarter, the lion climbing the mountain represents Fadrique assaulting the town. The 3rd quarter, with a Castilian-Leonese bordure, features the ladders used by the Castilians to enter the fortress where the last defenders of the town had entrenched themselves.
[Descumbriendo Murcia, 24 May 2013]

Ivan Sache, 5 May 2015