Last modified: 2014-05-31 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: finland | jager movement |
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The recruitment of the Jäger volunteers from the Grand Duchy of Finland were clandestine, and was dominated by Germany-influenced circles, such as university students and the upper middle class. The recruitment was however in no way exclusive.
The recruits were transported across Finland's western border via Sweden to Germany, where the volunteers were formed into the Royal Prussian 27th Jäger Battalion. The Jäger Battalion fought in the ranks of the German Army from 1916 in the battles on the northern flank of the eastern front.
After the outbreak of the Civil War in Finland the Jägers were engaged
on the "White" (non-socialist) side in the war and formed the nucleus
of the new Finnish Army. In
Finland, these 2,000 volunteers were simply called "The Jägers" (Finnish
The "White", or The White Guards is one translation of the Finnish
term Suojeluskunta (plural: Suojeluskunnat, Finland-Swedish:
Skyddskår), which has received many different approximations in
English, including Security Guard, Civil Guard, Civic Guards, National
Guard, White Militia, Defence Corps, Protection Guard, Protection
Corps and Protection Militia. These White Guards constituted the bulk
of the victorious White Army during the Finnish Civil War (1918), and
parts of it formed the main forces of the Lapua Movement's failed coup
d'état, the Mäntsälä Rebellion (1932).
On 1916-05-09 the battalion was baptized to Royal Prussian 27th Jäger
Battalion (Königlich Preussisches Jägerbataillon Nr. 27)
Esteban Rivera on 13 July 2009