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France: Autonomous (extreme-leftist) movements

Last modified: 2017-08-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: action antifascsite | coup pour coup 31 |
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Action antifasciste


Antifas' flag - Image by Ivan Sache, 18 June 2012

Action antifasciste (website), founded in 2008, is a network of French autonomous (extreme-leftist) antifascist groups. These groups and their members are known as antifas. The French antifas are "affiliated" to an informal group of similar movements that emerged all over Europe in the 1990s, starting from Germany. Their main goal is to get rid of extreme-rightist and neo-nazi movements, stopping at nothing, including street violence and illegal acts. Often criticized for their immoderate use of violence in street clashes with extreme- rightist groups (and with the police), the antifas have often been accused to lead astray the Communist principles.

The common inspiration of the antifascist movements is the German movement Antifaschistiche Aktion, which held its first congress on 10 July 1932, succeeding different less-organized groups. The movement was an outfit of the German Communist Party but joining it did not require party's membership. Antifaschistiche Aktion was crushed by the Nazis after they got the power in 1933; the general strike organized in the small town of Mössingen was their last public action. Most of its members joined the clandestine resistance or the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War.
Antifascist groups reemerged in Germany in the 1990s. Two main groups, Autonome Antifa [M] and Antifaschistische Aktion Berlin, reorganized the movement at the federal level as Antifaschistische Aktion. Similar movements were established in different European countries (Denmark, 1992; Netherlands, 1992; Sweden, 1993; Czech Republic, 1996; Slovakia, 2001; Spain). These groups were more or less organized and centralized. The German federal groups was disbanded in 2001 while its two main components disappeared in 2004, being succeeded by local branches.

The flag of Action antifasciste (photo) is red with the movement's logo, a red and a black flag placed on a white disk surrounded by a black ring charged with the name of the organization, written in white letters.
Most European antifas' movements use a same emblem / flag, with appropriate writing.
The emblem is a modernisation of the emblem used by the German Antifaschstische Aktion in the 1930s, originally displaying two red flags and a red ring. The black color was added by the modern antifas' movements, symbolizing the union of communists and anarchists against fascists.

Ivan Sache, 18 June 2012

Breizh Antifa


Breizh Antifa flag - Image by Ivan Sache, 14 July 2013

The Breton branch of Action antifasciste has its own flag, red with an emblem derived from the mother group's emblem. The upper, red flag is replaced by a Breton flag while the lower, black flag is replaced by a red flag. The ring around the emblem is inscribed with the name of the group, "Breizh Antifa".

Ivan Sache, 14 July 2013

Coup Pour Coup 31


Flag of Coup Pour Cop 31 - Image by Ivan Sache, 4 May 2017

Coup Pour Coup 31 (Blow for Blow 31; website) is an anti-imperialist collective established in 2009 in Toulouse (Department of Haute-Garonne, No. 31).
The collective fights imperialism as a system of domination and exploitation, any kind of imperialist intervention, mostly French, in the world, would it be political, economical, military or cultural, any form of racism and chauvinism.
The collective supports the people's struggle for national and social liberation, especially progressivist and revolutionary organizations pushing a project of emancipation for all, the Palestinian resistance fighting for a single, democratic, secular and multicultural state on the historical territory, the right of independence and self- determination for the peoples of the French colonies: Caribbean islands, Guyane, Kanaky, etc., the progressivist and/or revolutionary victims of repression, whatever their tactical and/or strategical options.

The flag of Coup Pour Coup 31 (photos, photo) is white with the group's logo.
The logo features a red star superimposed with a black fist and the collective's name, in black letters, except "POUR", in red. On the flag, the fist is lined white and the star is shaded in black

Ivan Sache, Jaume Ollé & Esteban Rivera, 3 June 2017