Last modified: 2013-02-23 by ivan sache
Keywords: mouvement populaire pour une guadeloupe independante | independentist | chain: broken (yellow) |
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Flag of MPGI - Image by David Martucci & António Martins, 22 January 1997
MPGI was founded in 1981 by Luc Reinette, an historic independentist
leader in Guadeloupe.
Reinette was arrested on 7 March 1981, as a supposed member of GLA (Groupe de Libération Armée), a clandestine group that had claimed responsibility for attacks perpetrated in 1980-1981 against authorities, official buildings (including the Court of Justice in Paris), police and gendarmerie stations, hotels, and banks. On 28 May 1983, a new armed group named ARC (Alliance Révolutionnaire Caraïbe) claimed responsibility for a new series of attacks perpetrated in Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane, and Paris. From 1983 to 1989, ARC organized several attacks in the same areas, claiming three lives and injuring more than 50 people.
Reinette and five other members of MPGI were tried in February 1985 for their presumed involvement in armed attacks; sentenced to 23 years' imprisonment, Reinette escaped from jail on 16 June 1985. On 19 January 1987, he released a "call for civic and patriotic resistance". Reinette was eventually arrested in Saint Vincent on 21 July 1987 on his way to Guyana, where he had been granted political asylum, and transferred to Paris one week later. The Law No. 473 of 10 June 1989 granted amnesty to Caribbean political prisoners, including Reinette and 18 other members of ARC.
Source: Résistance et lutte armée aux Antilles-Guyane.
Ivan Sache, 21 October 2012
Herman De Wael & David Martucci, 22 January 1997
This flag appears in the Flags of Aspirant Peoples chart
[eba94], #195, with the following
People's Movement for an Independent Guadeloupe (MPGI)
French Overseas Department, Caribbean
Ivan Sache, 16 September 1999