Last modified: 2016-09-24 by ivan sache
Keywords: golden dawn |
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All informations included into this contribution are presented in vexillological purpose only. The political attitudes of the users of described flags are not related to those of the contributor in any ways.
Popular Association - Golden Dawn (Λαϊκός Σύνδεσμος – Χρυσή Αυγή) is the biggest extreme-rightist organization in Greece (Wikipedia).
Golden Dawn ceased to exist as the separate organization in December 2005, having merged into the Patriotic Alliance (Πατριωτική Συμμαχία), which used different symbols (Wikipedia). In January 2007, the Patriotic Alliance ceased to exist and in March same year, Golden Dawn announced its re-activation. Since then, the website of Golden Dawn has been regularly updated and its new content shows the use of the organization's flags. The same is true for the site/blog of the Youth Front, the youth wing of the organization.
Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008
Flags with the Celtic cross sold by Golden Dawn - Images by Tomislav Todorović & Mladen Mijatov, 27 February 2006
Golden Dawn used until 2005 and still uses several different flags with the Celtic cross, as could have been seen at their website (currently containing none of those previously numerous photos) and still can be seen at the Lonhi, the online shop of Golden Dawn, which sells the copies of these flags. Most of them are charged with the white Celtic cross, which has two fimbriations, the inner one in the field colour and the outer one in white. The flag which, according to its presence on the photos previously available at the site of the organization, was the most frequently used, has the black field (photo, no longer available); the flag with the red field (photo, no longer available) is less used; this is also true for the flag with the blue field (photo, no longer available), which employs the same shade of blue as the Greek national flag. The online shop also sells the flags with the white Celtic cross on the green field (photo, no longer available) and with the dark yellow Celtic cross on the black field (photo, no longer available). While the green flag is used by Green Wing, the second flag could not have been seen at the site of the organization, so its use in real life is yet to be checked.
After the re-activation of the movement in 2007, flags with the Celtic Cross were still used, as confirmed by photos (no longer available) of flags with a black field, a red field, and a blue field.
Flag with the Celtic cross used by Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 17 January 2009
On 24 May 2008, the representatives of the Golden Dawn were guests at the Nationalist Congress, an event organized in Villepreux, Yvelines,
France by the French Renewal, another ultra-rightist organization, which has developed a partnership with the Golden Dawn (both organizations are the members of European National Front). At the fair which was organized there, Golden Dawn had a booth with its publications, mostly different issues of the magazine "Golden Dawn".
The cover page (image, no longer available) of an issue in front central part of the booth shows a large photo of a flag made of a white celtic cross, with inner black and outer white fimbriations, on the red field. Unfortunately, the photo is not detailed enough to make the date of the issue visible, the information which would otherwise help in dating of this flag.
A photo taken in 2013 has remained the only source so far to verify the existence of this flag.
Flag with the Celtic cross used by Golden Dawn, two versions - Images by Tomislav Todorović & Mladen Mijatov, 23 February 2016
Before 2005, Golden Dawn also sometimes used a flag with a large white disc, charged with a black Celtic cross, on the red field. The image (no longer available) at the online shop shows the flag with the disc in the centre, but the photos from the site of the organization were showing flags with the disc close to the hoist, like a similar flag from France. The cover (image no longer available) of a book sold at the online shop also shows a flag with such a design, along with several Greek national flags.
The least used of the flags with the Celtic Cross, this flag was still used after 2007, as shown on a photo (no longer available).
The flag had a limited re-introduction in 2011 (photo, 2011; photo, 2013), but with a different design, less oblong (proportions about 2:3) and with a visibly thinner cross.Tomislav Todorović, 23 February 2016
Flag with the Celtic cross used by Golden Dawn football supporters - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012
A flag with blue Celtic cross, with outer blue and inner orange
fimbriations, on orange field is used by the party members who are the
fans of Apoel F.C. of Nicosia, Cyprus (photos; no longer available). The colors of the flag are based on those of the club: blue and yellow are their home colors, orange and white are the away colors and blue (or rather teal) and orange are the third colors (Wikipedia).
It is not clear if the photos were shot in Greece or Cyprus, but it is not much important actually, because the Golden Dawn operates in both countries.
Flag with the Celtic cross possibly used by Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008
Photos (no longer available) seem to show black flags with a "solid" (non-fimbriated) white Celtic cross but, having not been confirmed on other photos so far, their design shall be also considered a "flagoid" for now; the fimbriations cannot be recognized on a photo if its resolution is too low.
Flag with the Celtic cross possibly used by Golden Dawn - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012
An image showing red flags with black Celtic cross fimbriated white was appearing in the header of the party website long before its merger into the Patriotic Alliance. However, it was not clear if the image was showing real flags or was completely created in image editing software. The image was removed before 2005 and was not returned after the Golden Dawn was re-activated. Another image shows this flag along with the Greek national flag. This is currently the only image of this flag, so until some stronger evidence of its use appears, it should be considered a "flagoid" for now, but one which is a stronger candidate for a real flag than the other "flagoids" associated with Golden Dawn.
Images (no longer available) show a flag similar to the previously described one, but with somewhat different shape of the cross and without white fimbriations.Tomislav Todorović, 15 February 2012
Flag of Green Wing - Image by Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2006
Green Wing (Πράσινη Πτέρυγα) is an ecologist organization founded by members of the youth wing of Golden Dawn. The organization uses a green flag, charged with a white Celtic cross with outer white and inner green fimbriations.
Tomislav Todorović, 23 October 2008