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Keywords: zadar |
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Flag of Zadar - Image by Željko Heimer, 8 November 2009
Zadar (in Italian, Zara) was the capital of the Austrian Crown Land of Dalmatia until the break up of Austria-Hungary, when it was occupied by Italian troops. With the Rapallo agreements in 1920, Zadar was given to Italy. Zadar was under Italian rule until the capitulation of Italy in 1943. Both the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) and the Tito's government (NOV) declared it at once as integral part of Croatia, though until the end of the Second World War it changed military rulers - German, NDH and NOV - several times.
Željko Heimer, 13 December 2006
The symbols of Zadar are prescribed by Decision Odluka o grbu i zastavi Grada Zadra, adopted on 16 November 1994 by the Town Assembly and published on 5 January 1995 in the Town official gazette Glasnik Grada Zadra, No. 9.
Amendment Odluka o izmjeni i dopuni Odluke o grbu i zastavi Grada Zadra, adopted on 27 November 1995 by the Town Assembly and published in Glasnik Grada Zadra, No. 16, changes only the description of the flag, which should have "a golden edge (ribbon or fringe)".
Amendment Odluka o izmjeni i dopuni Odluke o grbu i zastavi Grada Zadra, adopted on 9 January 1996 by the Town Assembly and published in Glasnik Grada Zadra, No. 1, provided for some minor changes in the penalty prescriptions.
Amendment Odluka o izmjenama i dopunama Odluke o grbu i zastavi Grada Zadra, adopted on 27 August 2009 by the Town Assembly and published in Glasnik Grada Zadra, No. 11 (text), providing some transfer of responsibilities from the Town Executive Board to the Mayor.
The 1995 Decision describes the flag (municipal website) as follows:
The flag is blue, with a length to width ratio of 2:1, in the centre of it, at the crossing point of the diagonals is the town's coat of arms, embroidered or painted in special textile colours. The height of the coat of arms is 2/3 of the flag's height. The coat of arms is bordered with a golden outline of 2c[m].
Željko Heimer, 18 November 2009
Coat of arms of Zadar - Image by Željko Heimer, 8 November 2009
The 1995 Decision describes the coat of arms (municipal website) as follows:
The coat of arms of Zadar is based on the historical town arms, shaped as a semi-circular shield with a red background showing a knight on a horse, armoured or, without helmet, young in the face with black hair and golden nimbus (St. Grisogon) [St. Chrysogonus, according to Louda [lou66]], in his left hand a triangular shield (argent a cross gules), in his raised right hand a golden lance with a flag semi-circularly flying above his head - the flag is silver with a red cross, forming three tails in the fly, the middle one being continuation of the red cross -, equipped with a golden sheated sword, behind his shoulders a flying three times twisted cloak azure, his horse sable salient, with its forlegs embowed, hindlegs firmly trusted, harnessed or with a saddle gules edged also or, and behind the rider, embattled walls argent, and in the base wavy azure. A copy of a separate document displaying the coat of arms is being preserved in the State Archives.
This is followed with some other determinations on where and when the coat of arms is used and how one can obtain permission to use it.
Željko Heimer & Jarig Bakker, 8 November 2009
Former coat of arms
Former coat of arms of Zadar, left, 1990-1994, right, Socialist period - Images by Željko Heimer, 10 August 2012
The 1995 Decision describes the ceremonial flag as follows:
The unique ceremonial flag (gonfalon) is produced from atlas or silk by embroidering, to be used in ceremonial occasions. The dimensions of the ceremonial flag are 1.30 x 2 m. It is twice indented at the bottom until 1/3 of the flag's height, so forming three tails depicting ornaments from the chest of St. Simon of Zadar. The entire flag is edged with a golden ribbon and ornamented with golden tassels at the top and fringes at the bottom. In the centre of the unindented part of the flag is the town's coat of arms bordered golden, and above it in golden letters inscription "Grad Zadar". Together with an ornamental bar and ribbons, the ceremonial flag is hoisted from a vertical staff set in a base of wrought iron.
Željko Heimer, 8 November 2009
Gonfalone of Zara - Image by Željko Heimer, 8 November 2009
The gonfalone of Zara (photo) is a red gonfalon with the coat of arms of the town, the shield picturing St. Grisogon on a horse galloping in front of the town walls, crowned with the masoned Venetian crown with the winged lion of St. Mark holding an open book and with a red ribbon with inscription in base. Below is the name of the town and a golden fringe along the lower edge. The flag was taken to Italy in 1944, and since 2002 has been kept in the Golden Medal Museum.
Jan Mertens & Željko Heimer, 13 December 2006
Sailing Club "Uskok" (Jedriličarski klub "Uskok")
Burgee of Sailing Club "Uskok" - Image by Željko Heimer, 4 July 2001
"Uskok" is the name of a member of irregular bands that were entering Turkish lands and performing guerilla warfare in the 17th-18th centuries. Nowdays, the name is connected with commando training.
The burgee of the club (website) is triangular, divided horizontally into an upper yellow part and a lower, sevenfold barry of blue and white and overall a triangular red sail at hoist.
Željko Heimer & José Carlos Alegria, 4 July 2001
Yacht Club "Zadar" (Yaht klub "Zadar")
Burgee of Yacht Club "Zadar" - Image by Željko Heimer, 4 July 2001
The burgee of the club is a blue triangular pennant containing a red-white-blue square emblem and the white inscription "ZDYC", for "Zadar Yacht Club".
Željko Heimer, 4 July 2001