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Miskolc (Hungary)

Miskolc Megyei Jogú Város

Last modified: 2014-04-19 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: hungary | miskolc | borsod | diosgyori | football |
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image by Zoltan Horvath, 10 January 2010



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City Symbols

Based upon Res. No. 30/1999. (X.15.) of the Council of the City of Miskolc about the modifying of the Res. No. 1/1990 of the city and about the readopting the CoA granted in 1909
István Molnár, 16 May 2001

Miskolc, seat of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, is an urban county, a city with rights same as a county.
It has two flags based on information found at its home page: One for daily use, it is the same as reported as Historical Flag, red over gold, horizontally divided. The official flag is golden yellow with red wolf-teeth around the yellow field, and with its Coat of Arms in the center of the flag. Please note that supporters of the shield are displayed as silver on the flag instead of gold.
Regulation of Coat of Arms and flag (in Hungarian) at <www.miskolc.hu. Photos of the flag are here and here.
Description of Coat of Arms (in English) can be seen at <www.nemzetijelkepek.hu>..
Zoltan Horvath, 10 January 2010


Historical Flag


image by Antonio Martins, 28 Febuary 2001

This flag appears at Dr. Széll Sándor: Városaink neve, címere és lobogója (1941) as "Miskolc, Borsod Co.".
István Molnár, 20 October 2000

Red and yellow horizontal diband.
Antonio Martins, 28 Febuary 2001


1974 - 1989 Flag


image by István Molnár

Miskolc city - "The bottom part of the coat of arms of the city preserved the pictures of the old seal. In the top red part there is a worker in asbestos dress symbolises the becoming industrial city. The dividing three blue lines are the three rivers of the city: the Sajó, the Hejő and the Szinva."
Source: A magyar városok címerei (coats of arms of the Hungarian cities and towns); 1975
István Molnár, 17 December 2000

The communist type flag and coat of arms were adopted by 4/1974 and 6/1974 resolutions of the Soviet of Miskolc city
István Molnár, 15 May 2001


1990 - 1999 Flag


image by Željko Heimer and István Molnár, 16 May 2001

I found Miscolc symbols in the web
Flag of the city: <www.uni-miskolc.hu>.
City CoA: <www.miskolc.hu>.
Dov Gutterman , 28 December 1998

Dov found an URL with a photo of the flag of the Hungarian city of Miskolc as well as one with a picture of the city. There is an explanation concerning this one at http://online.cos.hu/Miskolc/e_cimerrol.html (defunct). Interesting is that there is a short explanation concerning the flag, or better the flagS of this city. What Dov found is in fact the decoration flag of the city. I quote from the webpage: "The flag of Miskolc town: it is fixed to a flagpole and made of the traditional material: red-yellow (red-gold) coloured. The decoration flag of Miskolc town: gold coloured and in the edges of its field, which is decorated with picot-edges, the seal of the town can be seen." ( seal is to be understood as "coat of arms").
Pascal Vagnat , 29 December 1998

The text on the page explains the figure on the helmet as "Hungarian Haiduk, who is wearing a blue dolman decorated with gold soutache and a gold hilt sword bounded to his side." Well, if they say so, but Haiduk (or Hajduk) is rather a Croatian soldier from the mid-Adriatic coast and its background area (like in football club Hajduk Split). But, of course, at the time when arms (or seal) were granted, we were parts of the same country, and surely some Haiduks were ingaged in Hungarian troops. Anyway, the discussion would not lead us far, but it just stumped me. I would rather expect Hussar or something of the kind.
Željko Heimer , 8 January 1999

I looked at one of my Hungarian ethnography books, and the Hajdu' are spoken of. It says, (translated from Hungarian) , that when the Turks took over the De'lvide'k (Banat and Bacska) and stole the herds (my apologies to any Turks present) the Hajdu sheperds wandered to and fro until (Stephen) Bocskai hired them as mercenaries. After the Turkish wars, they were settled down in the Alfo:ld (the great Hungarian Plain)and remained there. I would say that it was a gold field (it just seemed to be cloudy when "they" took that picture), bordered with red triangles.
Georges Kovari III , 8 January 1999

Miskolc is the capital of Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen County (Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Megyá;). The flag has beige (butting?) filed, bordered around three outer edges with red triangles, with the CoA of the city in the middle.
Željko Heimer , 8 January 1999

This is more precisely the ceremonial flag of the city of Miskolc as the explanation for the coat of arms says. The German version says "Ehrenfahne" (flag of honour).
Pascal Vagnat , 8 January 1999

Well, the impression I get from the site is that the ceremonial flag has the coat of arms, the triangles in the edges, and the fringe. The "civil" flag, then, the way I understand it, is a Landesfarben type red and gold bicolour.
Georges Kovari III , 9 January 1999

Shield: gules demi-St. Stephen holding a royal orb and sceptre, crownedwith his own crown, all or. Crest: from a helmet argent, crowned with an ancient crown or, issuant asoldier dressed azure holding five stems of grain in his dexter hand and a bunch of grapes in his sinister hand, all proper. Mantling: dexter azure lined or, sinister gules lined argent. Supporters: dexter a lion, sinister a griffin both standing on an ornamented compartment, all or.
Santiago Dotor , 11 January 1999

Above is the ceremonial flag. However Pascal V. wrote: "The flag of Miskolc town: it is fixed to a flagpole and made of the traditional material: red-yellow (red-gold) coloured. " Those words are consist with the Historical Flag of red over yellow.
Dov Gutterman, 23 October 2000

It was used between 1991-1999. Here is the Res. No. 1/1990 (XII.29.) of the Council of the City of Miskolc about the flag of Miskolc. The CoA and the flag were adopted on 1th January 1991. The flag is gold (yellow) with red wolfteeth and with the coat of arms. On the coat of arms you can see St. Stephen I, - the first king of Hungary.
István Molnár, 15 May 2001

1990 - 1999 Coat of Arms


image from http://www.miskolc.hu


Coat of Arms


image from <www.miskolc.hu>

From <online.cos.hu/Miskolc> (defunct) :
The present coat of arms of the town of Miskolc was created in 1909 based on the seals of the town. The first print of the town's seal can be found on a document dated 7th July 1389. It was affixed on yellow sealing wax. Its legend is indistinguishable and its heraldic figure is a royal head decorated with fleury lilied crown. The identity of this royal head is disputed. The name of St. King Steven arose because he was the patron saint of the Avas church but the fleury lilied crown refers to our other king Lajos (the Great). The next seal version likewise affixed on yellow sealing wax. Its legend is "Sigillium Civitas Miskolcz" on which there is a bearded royal head who is, possibly, Zsigmond Luxemburg. Next to the head there is a moon on its left hand side and a six pointed star on its right hand side. Another version of this is known as well, on which the engraving is new. Possibly, it was made instead of the old threadbare one. At one time the print seal was a figure with spread legs instead of the crowned head and then the full figure of St. King Steven who holds a sceptre and an orb in his hands. This seal was used until 1687. After then instead of the figure of the king appears a Haiduk with a bunch of grapes in one of his hands and with a wheat stalk in his other hand. In 1909, when the town received the right of the municipal authority the seal was created by amalgamating the previous seal pictures. On this on the red field of the snout bottom shield the half-length portrait of St. King Steven can be seen wearing a purple cloth with a gold cloak and with the Saint Crown on his head. It is encircled with gold sparkling disc. In his left hand there is a gold royal sceptre and a gold orb with twofold crux. On the shield, the decoration of the crowned open helmet turning to the right hand side, as far as heraldry is concerned, is a Hungarian Haiduk, who is wearing a blue dolman decorated with gold soutache and a gold hilt sword bounded to his side. In his right hand he holds five gold wheat stalks and gold bunch of grapes with leaves in his left hand. The cover of the helmet from the right hand side is blue-gold coloured, as far as the rules of the heraldry are concerned and red-silver coloured from the right hand side. The shield placed on gold arabesque is hold by a gold lion sticking his tongue out and turning towards the centre from the right, as far as the rules of the heraldry are concerned, and a gold griffin sticking his tongue out and turning from the left towards the centre as well.
Pascal Vagnat , 29 December 1998

The coat of arms of Miskolc city in 1909 can be seen Here.
István Molnár, 18 March 2001