Last modified: 2013-12-19 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: paneuropa union | stars: 12 (yellow) | cross (red) | europe | european union | christian | catholic |
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Flag of the Paneuropa Union - Image by Željko Heimer & António Martins, 1 May 1996
The Paneuropa, currently headed by Otto Habsburg, was
founded in 1923 by Richard Nikolaus Count Coudenhove-Kalergi. It is
credited with some influence over the creation of what is now the
European Union. Paneuropa is, unsurprisingly, more active in Austria
and the former Austro-Hungarian states. It is very anti-Communist and
Christian Democratic in political orientation, with a strong Catholic
influence. The famous 1989 "picnic" on the Austrian/Hungarian border
was organized by Paneuropa.
Stuart A. Notholt & Dieter Linder, 12 July 1998
The flag of the Paneuropa Movement, as seen on the main square in Zagreb, in the house of Croatian Council of European Movement, an organization that is promoting the
European idea, is similar to the flag of the
European Union with a yellow disc with a red cross on it placed inside the ring of stars.
Željko Heimer, 1 May 1996
The cross is the symbol of Christendom and the sun symbolizes the European
civilization enlightening the world. After the Second World War, the
flag was used by the European Parliamentary Union.
Source: Carole Lager Le drapeau européen, histoire et symbolisme, pp. 126-129 [lag99], in Fahnen, Flags, Drapeaux, Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Vexillology, Zurich, 23-27 August 1993 [icv93]
Ivan Sache, 6 January 2000
Variant of the flag of the Paneuropa Union - Image by Ivan Sache, 6 January 2000
Source: A colour plate originally published by P.M.G.
Lévy and P. Martin, as Un drapeau pour l'Europe in
Saisons d'Alsace, 1950, #3, showing
proposals for the European flag, reproduced
in Fahnen, Flags, Drapeaux (op. cit.).
Ivan Sache, 6 January 2000
A photography taken at a discussion about Islam and Europe in a Bavarian monastery shows two
Paneuropa Union flags draped over a table. There are two differences between the flags on the photo and the version we have on this
page. First, on the photographed flags the distance between the yellow disc and the stars
is bigger. Second, the position of the stars on the photo is not upright as usually, but
slightly turned left (from the viewer's perspective).
Martin Karner, 14 July 2004
Former flag of the Paneuropa Union - Image by Dieter Linder & António Martins, 12 July 1998
The flag, in ratio 1:2, shows in the center of a light blue field a yellow disk with a narrow
red cross throughout.
Source: Volker Junge, Eine Flagge für Europa, Kleeblatt 3/1987 [klb]Dieter Linder, 12 July 1998
According to Crampton, the Paneuropa Movement carried a
flag with a blue field bearing a yellow disc with a red cross in the
middle before the start of Second World War. When the Council of
Europe formed in 1948, it adopted this flag for its own organization
without changes, but it changed to the current design in 1953 to
accommodate its newest member, Turkey.
Steve Kramer & Roy Stilling, 1 May 1996
This flag consists of "the red cross of humanitarian compassion against the golden sun of enlightenment in a field azure - the blue sky as a symbol of untroubled peace".Peter Diem, 11 June 2002