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Islamic Dawa Party

Ḥizb Al-Daʿwa Al-Islāmiyya

Last modified: 2014-10-03 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: islamic dawa party | iraq |
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Overview

The "Islamic Dawa Party, also known as the Islamic Call Party (Arabic: حزب الدعوة الإسلامية‎ / Ḥizb Al-Daʿwa Al-Islāmiyya), is a political party in Iraq. Dawa and the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council are two of the main parties in the religious-Shiite United Iraqi Alliance. It was founded in 1958 and its purpose was to create a party and a movement which would promote Islamic values and ethics, political awareness, combat secularism, and create an Islamic state in Iraq. This came at a time when politics in Iraq was dominated by secularist Arab nationalist and socialist ideas. A "twin" Islamic Dawa Party was also founded in Lebanon by clerics who had studied in Najaf and supportedthe resurgence of Islamic values there as well. Al-Dawa gained strength in the 1970s recruiting from among the Shia ulama and youth. It waged an armed insurgencyagainst the Iraqi government which initiated a crackdown on Shi'a political activism, driven in part by the secular nature of the Ba'thist ideology and in part by their view of a politicized Shi'a as a threat to the stability of the regime. Widely viewed in the West as a terrorist organization at the time, the Dawa party was banned in 1980 and its members sentenced to death in absentia by the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council. Dawa supported the Islamic Revolution in Iran and in turn received support from the Iranian government. During the Iran-Iraq War, Iran backed a Dawa insurgency against Saddam Hussein's Baathist government in Iraq. In 1979, Dawa moved its headquarters to Tehran. Most leaders of al-Dawa remained in exile in Iran and elsewhere until the American invasion of Iraq in 2003. During this period, some of its factions moved to SCIRI. Al-Dawa party, in contrast to the other Shia Islamic Iraqi opposition parties, took a stance against the war. This party is par of the coalition of incumbent Prime Minister al-Maliki."
For additional information go to: http://www.islamicdawaparty.com/ (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 17 June 2014


The Flag

The flag is the logo in the middle of a white horizontal flag as seen here.
Esteban Rivera, 17 June 2014