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Popular Mobilization Forces (Iraq)

Hashd al Shaabi

Last modified: 2020-07-30 by ian macdonald
Keywords: iraq | popular mobilization force | al-hashd |
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al-Hashd al-Shaabi

image from William Garrison, 20 August 2019

Flag, Iraq, al-Hashd al-Shaabi outside city of Albu Ajil, east of Tikrit/Takrit, Iraq.
A Shia-Muslim, Popular Mobilization Force (PMF), c. August 2019
source: http://www.arabnews.com/node/1541696
William Garrison, 20 August 2019

image from William Garrison, 5 January 2020

Two side-by-side versions of the Iraq-based "Hashd al-Shaabi" flag: the regular white one, and a red one -- which most likely symbolizes the blood shed by martyred soldiers of this Shiite-Muslim "Popular Mobilization Force" (PMF); c. Jan. 2020. It may be a sub-unit of "Hashd al-Shaabi".
Source: https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/inpictures/pictures-thousands-march-baghdad-mourn-soleimani-200104094026338.html
William Garrison, 5 January 2020


Shia/Shiite militia

image from William Garrison, 22 August 2019

Shia/Shiite militia Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), misc.
source: https://jihadintel.meforum.org/identifiers/21/flags
William Garrison, 22 August 2019

The first flag (white, green map with a red ribbon below) is from Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq (Asa'ib Ahlulhaq عصائب الحق), "League of People of Righteousness" also known as the Khazali Network and previously known as Ahl al-Kahf. This is an Iranian proxy militia originated in 2004 as a split from Muqtada al-Sadr's Mahdi Army. The group leader is Qais al-Khazali.

The other flag is from the military wing of the Badr Organization.
Jaume Olle, 31 August 2019

Those flags are of The League of the Righteous and Badr Organization.
Esteban Rivera, 31 August 2019

image from William Garrison, 9 November 2019

Flag, Iraq, Shiite/Shia Muslim militia, c. 2016

"Soldiers of the Hashd Al Shaabi (Popular Mobilization Units) wave the victory sign onboard a pickup truck, on their way to Tal Afar [Iraq] airport on November 20, 2016. (AFP Photo)"

Popular Mobilization Forces (Iraq) With regard to the official native name, the Arabic word الشعبي (al-shaabi) translates as “people's” or “popular”, as referred to the people; the Arabic word الحشد (al-hashd) translates as “mobilization”, as in the group of people mobilized or the process of mobilization.

Source: https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/iraq-s-ascendant-shia-militias-take-the-fight-to-tal-afar/story-c2KDBmb5TUR8HESSNdgD0N.html

William Garrison, 9 November 2019


Liwa (Battalion) Ali al-Akbar

image from Jaume Ollé, 2 August 2019

According Flag Report 96, this flag [a possible unit variant] is from the Shiite militia Brigades of Ali al-Akbar, loyal to Ali al Sistani, the respected ayatollah of Iraq. Headquarters at Baiji. Operations at north of Tikrit.
Jaume Ollé, 2 August 2019

The flag of Liwa (Battalion) Ali al-Akbar. It was established in 2014 and it is within the Popular Mobilization Forces the 11th Brigade. It is named after Ali al-Akbar, the son of Al-Husayn ibn Ali, the third Shia Imam, and Umm Layla, sometimes fully spelled as Ali al-Akbar ibn Al-Husayn. The Popular Mobilization Forces is an umbrella organization that comprises some 60-70 armed units/factions, of which Liwa Ali al-Akbar is one of them. (source #1, source #2 and source #3)
The flag has a horizontal green background, featuring the logo in the middle, as already depicted (image and source)
For the umbrella organization labeled as Popular Mobilization Forces, we include further information on the following entry: "UFE13-49. "Hezbollah, Iraq-Lenanon, ISIS Flag?" pending reorganization and update on the respective Iraq section.
For additional information on the Popular Mobilization Forces please go to al-Hashed (official website).
Esteban Rivera, 31 August 2019


Ideological affairs arm

image from William Garrison, 18 November 2019

Caption: " A flag of the ideological affairs arm of the popular mobilization forces [PMF] as seen in the town of Bartella, Ninewa province. Iraq - July 2019."
Source: https://enablingpeace.org/checking-iranian-power-in-iraq/
William Garrison, 18 November 2019


Green flag at Tal Afar airport

image from William Garrison, 2 December 2019

Flag (green), Iraq, unknown PMU (Popular Mobilization Unit).
Source: https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/07/iraq-pmu-iraq-us-saudi.html
Caption: Popular Mobilization Units gather around the Tal Afar airport as they and Iraqi forces backed by local militia, Aug. 27, 2017
Read more: https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/07/iraq-pmu-iraq-us-saudi.html#ixzz66vefyouu
William Garrison, 2 December 2019


Anger Brigade

image located by William Garrison, 25 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Caption: Iraq, Anger Brigade (PMF: Popular Mobilization Force) flag, c. Jan. 2016
William Garrison, 25 March 2020


Zainab's Protector Brigade

image located by William Garrison, 25 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Caption: Iraq (Syria), Zainab's Protector Brigade, c. Jan 2016
William Garrison, 25 March 2020

Variant flag

image located by William Garrison, 25 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Citation: "League of the Righteous" flag, Iraq, c. Jan. 2016 [the two-prong Zulifqur sword indicates that this is a Shia-Muslim unit]
William Garrison, 25 March 2020


Imam Mohammed Al-Jawad Brigade

image located by William Garrison, 25 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Caption: Imam Mohammed Al-Jawad Brigade, The First Brigade; c. Jan. 2016. The two-prong sword indicates that this is a Shia-Muslim unit.
William Garrison, 25 March 2020


Soldiers of Imam Brigade

image located by William Garrison, 26 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Citation: Soldiers of Imam Brigade, Iraq, c. Jan. 2016.
William Garrison, 26 March 2020


Najafi Brigade

image located by William Garrison, 26 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Caption: "Najafi" brigade; bottom line reads "al-Najafi" in Arabic, Iraq, c. Jan. 2016; the two-prong sword indicates that this is a Shia-Muslim unit.
William Garrison, 26 March 2020


Praise Brigade

image located by William Garrison, 26 March 2020

source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Citation: "Praise" brigade, Iraq, c. an. 2016, the map of Iraq and the two-prong sword indicates that this is a Shia-Muslim unit.
William Garrison, 26 March 2020


Al-Ashtar Brigade

image located by William Garrison, 26 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Citation: Al-Ashtar Brigade (the bottom yellow line reads: Saraya al-Ashtar ), a Shia-Muslim unit opposed to the Sunni-Muslim government of Bahrain, c. Jan. 2016.
William Garrison, 26 March 2020


Imam Ali Battalion

image located by William Garrison, 27 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Citation: Map of Iraq, Imam Ali Battalion ("Ali" in Arabic appears below the AK-47 gun); c. Jan. 2016.
William Garrison, 27 March 2020


Compilations of PMD flags

images located by William Garrison, 27 March 2020

Source: http://oefoif.forumotion.net/t6606p30-popular-defense-brigade-and-league-of-the-righteous-flags
Key (8 flags in 2 jpg attachments):
1 - Conquering Lion of God
2 - Awaited Mehdi
3 - Islamic Merit Party
4 - Badr Organization
5 - Imam Ali Btns.
6 - Peace Brigades
7 - Popular Crowds (Mobilization)
8 - League of People's Righteous
William Garrison, 27 March 2020