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Latvia - Political Flags

Last modified: 2017-09-29 by zoltán horváth
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National Bolshevik Party

image by Christina Janke, 25 September 2006 and Tomislav Todorović, 13 June 2010

Image of real flag at <>
Christina Janke, 25 September 2006

This image is a modification of those was created by Christina Janke. The photo of this flag can be seen at the current party website and it served as the model for the image modification.
Tomislav Todorović, 13 June 2010

Variants of flag

image by Tomislav Todorović, 13 June 2010

A variant of this flag with both the disc and the hand grenade larger and the aspect ratio about 3:5 was seen at a rally in Riga on 2009-02-16. The disc seems to be set off-centre, but it is difficult to tell if it was meant to be so or it was just the imprecise home-making. (This is why the disc in the attached image is centred.)
Tomislav Todorović, 13 June 2010

image by Tomislav Todorović, 20 June 2010

image by Tomislav Todorović, 20 June 2010

The flags with the same basic design, but with black field, were seen at the rally in Riga on 2009-05-25. They had the aspect ratio of either 2:3 or 1:2.
Tomislav Todorović, 20 June 2010

image by Tomislav Todorović, 30 April 2012

What follows is the update to my earlier contribution:
The red flag charged with the hand grenade on a white disk is sometimes used with aspect ratio 1:1. Such flags were seen in Riga, on 2005-05-07, during protests against the visit of U.S. President George W. Bush to Latvia. The flags were used together with those with aspect ratio 3:5. This version of flag is created as the modification of the image above.
Tomislav Todorović, 30 April 2012

Flag of "Latgalian National-Bolshevik Republic, 2005"

image by Tomislav Todorović and Victor Lomantsov, 29 January 2010

At WEB-pages of "Tribunal" - bulletin of Latvian National-Bolsheviks <> (defunct), I have found proposed flag of Latvia after possible in the future victory of National Bolshevik party in this country. The inscription (in Russian): "Flag of Latgalian National-Bolshevik Republic, 2005". In my image I used colours closed to Latvian flag. I don't sure in it, because the image of the flag in the site is "waved". Maybe it is plain red. National-Bolshevik Party is not Communist (but they use popular H&S symbols). It is a Neu-Nazi party.
Victor Lomantsov, 27 April 2003

Latgalia is a province in the south-eastern part of Latvia. Latgalia has a political and cultural history different from that of the rest of the Latvia which were long under German-Swedish rule and thus became marked by German-Swedish culture. Latgalia remained under Polish-Lithuanian rule until 1772, when it was ceded to the Russian Empire. Today, this part of Latvia is almost entirely inhabited by ethnic Russians. Oddly enough, only the tiny minority of ethnic Latvians in this part of Latvia are today called "Latgalians".
On the same "Nationalist Bolshevik" website there is an article about a radar station in Latgalia which recently has been set up by the Latvian Government in order to meet NATO standards. The article's heading is "Genocide"...
Kristian Söderberg, 28 April 2003

Nazi-Bolsheviks in Latvia is very active but a small movement. In any occasion they have demonstrations, piquets and other activities. In organization they are close to analogue Russian party (National Bolshevik Party). In all activities they fly Nazi-like flag (red with white ring) with hammer and sickle. Without any white band.
Latgalia is almost entirely Latvian (Latgalian) excluding Daugavpils, Ludza and 10 rural parishes. But Daugavpils is 2nd biggest city in Latvia and greatest in Latgalia and in this case Latvians and non-Latvians are 50:50. Non-Latvians include very big minorities of Poles and Belarusians.
Gvido Pētersons, 28 April 2003

This flag may be seen at the current Web site of the bulletin "Tribunal" (the site which served as Mr Lomantsov's source is closed), whose homepage: <> contains a screenshot of its earlier version, where the flag is clearly seen as employing the same shade of red as in the flag of Latvia.
Tomislav Todorović, 29 January 2010

National Power Unity Party

image from <>

It seems this is some ultra-nationalist party. However, they have a flag at <>.
Valentin Poposki, 30 July 2006

Latvian Scandinavian Cross

image by Ree Fischer, 4 December 2005

There is a Scandinavian-cross version of the Latvian flag. The version has been created by a non-governmental organisation and later a political party, For the National Independence of Latvia, in the early 1990's. Nordic ideas were among those vividly discussed in the society. The discussion still continues, yet is not getting much attention in the media. Ratio 19:26 with the cross shifted to the left.
Ree Fischer, 4 December 2005

Harmony Centre (defunct)

image by Randy Young, 25 January 2016

"Harmony Centre (Latvian: Saskaņas Centrs, SC; Russian: Центр Cогласия, ЦC) was a social-democratic political coalition in Latvia.
It constited of up to five political parties: the National Harmony Party, the Socialist Party of Latvia, New Centre, the Daugavpils City Party and the Social Democratic Party. Through a series of mergers they were eventually reduced to two: Social Democratic Party "Harmony" and the Socialist Party. The alliance dissolved in 2014."

The flag is a horizontal flag with the logo in the middle, as seen here
(credits of the picture to: )
For additional information go to: Saskanas Centrs (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 25 January 2016

Also note that there is the flag with Latvian inscription as sell, incompletely visible at the source photo.
Variant of the logo with inscription in Latvian.
Tomislav Todorović, 25 January 2016

Pērkonkrusts (Thunder Cross)

image by Jānis Stūrītis, António Martins-Tuválkin and Tomislav Todorović, 23 March 2016

I found another very interesting poster showing a crimsom red horizontal flag, with a yellow swastika and two crossed white stars. It is the flag of the Pērkonkrusts (Thunder cross) a "Latvian ultra-nationalist, anti-German and antisemitic political party founded in 1933 by Gustavs Celmiņš, borrowing elements of German nationalism - but being unsympathetic to German National Socialism at the time - and Italian fascism, (which) was outlawed in 1934 and dissolved in 1944, when Celmiņš, who had initially returned to work in the occupying German administration, was imprisoned." Its flag is seen here.
Esteban Rivera, 22 March 2016

"Crossed white stars" are actually a cross crosslet.
As Wikipedia, also states, Thunder Cross was refounded after Latvia had regained its independence - several times, each time banned shortly afterwards, always under the leadership of an Igors Šiškins.
After the last ban, a Gustavs Celmiņš Center was founded, under the same leadership and the same flag. Photo of the flag used by one of these "incarnations" can be found here. (image)
Dark red field (same as the national flag), white cross crosslet and golden (old gold) swastika are clearly recognizable.
Tomislav Todorović, 22 March 2016

Image adapted with credit to Jānis Stūrītis; source given is Armands Paeglis' book "Pērkonkrusts pār Latviju" (not a Vexillology book).
António Martins-Tuválkin, 22 March 2016

I made after the following source photo. The shape is more oblong (about 3:5), the shade of red is that of Latvian national flag and the swastika has thicker arms.
Tomislav Todorović, 23 March 2016

To explain the symbolism of this flag, one has to bear in mind that members of the Thunder Cross advocated rejection of Christianity as a religion of foreign origin and its replacing with Dievturība a Latvian neo-pagan religious movement which was founded in 1925. In that religion, cross crosslet and swastika are symbols, respectively, of Māra and Laime, the highest-ranking goddesses, which are considered to make a trinity with the supreme god Dievs. The symbols of these and other deities are shown at the website of Dievturība community.
From the photos found at the same website, it is clear that a wooden cross crosslet (/krustukrusts/), or Māra's Cross (/Māras krusts/) makes an important part of the altar. Photo of the altar is available here and an enlarged photo of the cross itself is available here.
Tomislav Todorović, 26 March 2016

image by Tomislav Todorović, 27 April 2016

In 1990's, and possibly some time during 2000's, Thunder Cross was using another flag, where a narrow white swastika with much wider dark red borders (pattern modeled after the Latvian national flag) was placed in center and a small dark green cross crosslet ("Māra's Cross") was placed in canton, all on white field. A photo, no longer online, could be found here (saved image).
A black and white photo from the same source, also no longer online, saved here, gives an incomplete view of the same flag. Note the text along the bottom edge, which dates the photo in the year 1996. Finally, another color photo, again with the incomplete view of the flag, was originally found here (saved image)
The flag seems not to be in use any longer, for only the flags with the original design can currently be seen on the Web.
Tomislav Todorović, 27 April 2016