Last modified: 2016-08-07 by ivan sache
Keywords: herceg novi |
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Flag of Herceg Novi, two versions in use - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 26 August 2015
The municipality of Herceg Novi (33,034 inhabitants in 2005; 12,739 inhabitants in the town of Herceg Novi proper; 235 sq. km) is located
between the highest mountain of the Dinara massif, Orjen (1,895 m asl),
and the entrance of the Bay of Kotor.
Evidence of humans living in Herceg Novi dates from its first known inhabitants, the Illyrians. Commercial opportunities attracted Greek traders in the 5th century BC. In the 3rd century AD, the Romans defeated the Illyrians and took over this region. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, in 476, Byzantium ruled for the next six centuries. In the 7th century, Slavic tribes densely inhabited this region. The Serbian Nemanjić family ruled the area upon the death of Czar Dušan, Dračevica was governed by Duke Vojislav Vojinović, and later on by the Balšić family.
The town of Herceg Novi was founded in 1382, by the Bosnian Ban
(provincial lord) King Tvrtko I Kotromanić in the Bay
of Topla, with an intent to give it a commercial, maritime and craft
role, and named it Sveti Stefan (St. Stephen).
As one the youngest cities on the Adriatic coast, it was called Novi
(New), Castrum Novum, Castel Nuovo. Its current name was coined
during the reign of Herceg (Duke) Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, when the
town experienced its greatest progress.
The area was occupied by the Venetians, the Turks, the Spaniards, the Austro-Hungarians, the Spaniards again, the Italians, the French, the Germans...
Tourism in the area dates back to the 19th century as testified by Simo Matavulj's records on the Šjora Roza's Inn. The Coffee House "Bellavista", owned by Savo Bažanović's family, with 25 beds for "foreigners" was mentioned for the first time in 1872, while the first hotel was bulit in 1909.
Milan Jovanović, 4 September 2007
The region of Herceg Novi was given to the Ottoman Turks by the Republik of Dubrovnik at some point, just as was the area around Neum, in the north of Dubrovnik - as a buffer zone to isolate Dubrovnik territory from that of Venice. These two strips of land eventually became parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina and in time occupied by Austria-Hungary. The historical borders were retained until the reorganization of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes into Banates, and reverted after the Second World War - however, the correction of the Bosnia and Herzegovina border to the benefit of Montenegro was made when the borders were finally established (in 1947?) - so Herceg Novi became a Montenegrin town.
Željko Heimer, 4 September 2007
Flag of Herceg Novi, as prescribed in the Municipal Statutes - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 26 August 2015
The symbols of Herceg Novi are prescribed in Article 8 of the Municipal Statutes Statutes Opštine Herceg-Novi (text), as follows:
The flag is rectangular in shape, in length at least twice the height, light blue with the coat of arms, of yellow color, in the top left corner.
The shape of the coat of arms is an oval frame of leaf elements, inside which is the symbol of a stylized clock, a tower with a flag at the top between two cypresses.
The shield and the symbol of the town are yellow on a white background. Below the Clock Tower the name of the town is inscribed in Cyrillic letters.
The flag is used in several variants:
- dark blue with the coat of arms in the middle (photo, photo);
- light blue of the same pattern;
- dark blue with a bigger coat of arms at hoist;
- dark blue, with the coat of arms at hoist.
The coat of arms was, undoubtedly, designed after the seal of the
town, dated 1865. The writing on the seal's rim reads "Opština Herceg Novska - Boka Kotorska", recalling the location of the town at the entrance of the Bay of Kotor.
The fortress depicted on the coat of arms must be the Clock Tower, described as follows (municipal website):
Sahat kula (Tora, that is, the Clock Tower), was built in 1667 on the order of Sultan Mahmud. During the Turkish rule, this was the main gate of the town. There is a sculpture of Madonna in its arcade (called the "Black Madonna", since it was made as a bas-relief by Afran Hozić; from Sarajevo, in burnt wood in remembrance of the founder of the town, Tvrtko I Kotromanić).
The clock on the tower was replaced by an electric one only in 1995, given by the town of Zemun.
Ivan Sache, Tomislav Šipek & Tomislav Todorović, 26 August 2015
Flag of PVK Jadran - Image by Ivan Sache, 8 February 2009
Herceg Novi is the home of Plivački Vaterpolo Klub Jaran Herzeg Novi (Swimming Water Polo Club Jaran Herzleg Novi, website), founded in 1926. The oldest water polo club in former Yugoslavia, PVK Jadran won the
national title in 1958 and 1959, both times with no game lost, and,
subsequently, three more national titles and two national cups.
The flag of PVK Jadran (photos, photo, photo), part of the club's emblem, is a white burgee bordered yellow, quartered by a blue cross and with a red canton charged with a white "J".
Ivan Sache, 8 February 2009