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Baja California (Mexico)

Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California

Last modified: 2020-02-22 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | baja california | california | filibustering | foreign ivasions |
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Presentation of Baja California

  • Official name (Spanish): Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California
  • Official name (English): Free and Sovereign State of Baja California
  • Short-form names: State of Baja California; Baja California
  • Location: The northernmost state of Mexico, North of the Baja California peninsula. It lays United States of America (N); the Mexican states of Sonora (NE), and Baja California Sur (S); the Sea of Cortés also known as Gulf California (E), and the Pacific Ocean (W).
  • Area: 71 450 km2
  • INEGI code 02
  • Population: 3 348 898 (2015)
  • Capital: Mexicali (Pop.: 936 826 [2010])
  • Statehood: 16 January 1952
  • Flag adopted: No flag has been adopted so far
  • Arms adopted: 27 September 1956
  • Arms confirmed: 9 October 2010, by Law published in the Periódico Oficial No. 43, Tomo CXVII, Sección I, on 8 October 2010
  • Arms designer: Armando Deibouis M.
  • Municipalities: 5 (in italics the municipal seat)
    • 001 Ensenada Ensenada
      002 Mexicali Mexicali
      003 Tecate Tecate
      004 Tijuana Tijuana
      005 Playas de Rosarito Rosarito

Sources: INEGI; Historia: Escudo de Baja California; Ley que regula el uso y fomento del Escudo y Canto del Estado Libre y Soberano del Baja California


Flags of Baja California

    Introduction

I found an article about the emblems in the text of the constitution of the Mexican state of Baja California. Here is a translation of it (the original text is in Spanish, so I could have made some mistakes in the translation):

(...)

Chapter 3: About the official symbols.

Art 6: The national flag, the national anthem and the national coat of arms are the obligatory symbols in the whole state. The state can have its own coat of arms. It won’t have any other official flags, anthems or coat of arms. The usage of the National symbols is subject to the dispositions of the federal ordinances.

Pascal Vagnat, 03 Jul 1996


Article 6 reads: “The national flag, the national anthem and the national coat of arms are the obligatory symbols in the whole state” –Of course, they are the national symbols–.

The text “It won’t have any other official flags, anthems or coat of arms” stands for any other symbols that are not of the State. Since Baja California do have a coat of arms and an anthem for its own, it means, therefore, that the State may actually have its own flag.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 25 January 2020


    White flag with coat of arms and name - version 1

[Baja California] [State flag] [Defacto flag] [Variant: One of two or more versions of the same basic design]
1 | 2 | 3 | 4
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 February 2020


    White flag with coat of arms and name - version 2

[Baja California] [State flag] [Defacto flag] [Variant: One of two or more versions of the same basic design]
1
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 February 2020


    White flag with rotated coat of arms and name - version 1

[Baja California - rotated arms] [State flag] [Defacto flag] [Variant: One of two or more versions of the same basic design]
1 | 2
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 February 2020


    White flag with rotated coat of arms and name - version 2

[Baja California - rotated arms] [State flag] [Defacto flag] [Variant: One of two or more versions of the same basic design]
1 | 2
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 February 2020


    Coat of arms on white background

[Baja California] [State flag] [Defacto flag] [Variant: One of two or more versions of the same basic design]
1 | 2 | 3
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 February 2020


    Sporting standard

[Baja California sporting standard]
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 February 2020


    Sporting blue flag

[Baja California sporting blue flag]
1 | 2
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 February 2020


    Sporting yellow flag

[Baja California sporting yellow flag]
1 | 2
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 February 2020


Coat of arms

[Coaf of arms of Baja California]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 31 August 2001

"When Baja California reached statehood in 1953, it does not had a coat of arms for its own, thus, at the half of his administration, Governor Braulio Maldonado Sánchez called for a contest. The competition took place on February 24, 1956. Two months later, after the Dirección de Acción Cívica y Cultural, (present-day the Secretariat of Education and Social Well-being) made up a panel of judges. Such a competition was annulated for the works presented did not fulfill the requirements asked by the panel. In this way, the panel chose the four better drafts then asked the respective authors to work another draft resulting as winner Armando Deibouis M. The design was adopted as the official Baja California State coat of arms on 27 September 1956."

From: Escudo in Gobierno del Estado de Baja California
Quoted and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, January 19, 2002


The official colors are:

[Official Pantone colors of the Baja California coat of arms]
Image from Ley que regula el uso y fomento del Escudo y Canto del Estado Libre y Soberano del Baja California
Posted by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 29 September 2019.


Anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page.