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Chihuahua (Mexico)

Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua

Last modified: 2020-02-22 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | chihuahua | coat of arms | cathedral | indian | native | head | spaniard | desert | mine |
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Municipalities: See also:

Presentation of Chihuahua

  • Official name (Spanish): Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua
  • Official name (English): Free and Sovereign State of Chihuahua
  • Short-form names: State of Chihuahua; Chihuahua
  • Location: North of Mexico. It neighbors the Mexican States of Sonora (W), Sinaloa and Durango (S), Coahuila de Zaragoza (E), and the United States of America (N).
  • Area: 247 460 km2
  • Municipalities: 67
  • Population: 3 569 479 inhabitants (2015)
  • Capital: Chihuahua (819 543 inhabitants [2010])
  • Statehood: 6 July 1824
  • Arms adopted: Decree 664-83-8, published on 23 February 1983
  • Flag adopted: Unknown date

Flag of Chihuahua?

De facto flag of Chihuahua [De facto flag] [Design is an acceptable variant]
1 | 2 | 3
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 13 December 2019

According to Article 9-Bis of the Law of the State Coat of Arms and Anthem, the State of Chihuahua has already an official flag for its own:

During the intonation of the State of Chihuahua Anthem, all that is necessary will be provided so that the State Flag is present in the place in which the official act in question is being carried out. [Article added by Decree No. 533-2014 V P.E. published in the P.O.E. No. 88 of 1 November 2014].

The Law does not mention, just like that of Coahuila, how the flag is or when was it adopted. Nevertheless a white cloth charged with the state arms in the middle is used.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 11 January 2020.


Coat of arms

Coat of arms of Chihuahua
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 11 January 2020.

The state of Chihuahua did not have a coat of arms for its own, therefore, considering that the coat of arms of Chihuahua City has been used as the state coat of arms, which with time turned to be a tradition amongst Chihuahua citizens, on 20 January 1983, the Executive presented the State Congress a bill with the aim to adopt as the State coat of arms that of the capital city, replacing only the top legend from "SN PHE RL CHIH." to "ESTADO DE CHIHUAHUA" (State of Chihuahua). The bill passed on 4 February 1983 and published in the state official gazette on 23 February 23 1983.

The coat of arms of the State of Chihuahua has the following features:

Gothic shield, half lower warhead relined and a vaulted-shape top; the legend "VALENTIA, LEALTAD, HOSPITALIDAD" [courage, loyalty, hospitality] in silver on a bordure of gules; finally in each of the upper vertices there is an apple flower. The center of the shield is divided into three unequal sections, bordered by a fillet of laurel leaves of sinople, in the chief to dexter (viewer's left), a mine winch, in the middle of the chief, an ancient truncated aqueduct, and to sinister a mezquite tree, all in gold; behind all these figures, on azure field, the hills of El Coronel [Colonel], Santa Rosa and El Grande [The Huge]. The middle section of the shield, on a field of sixteen bars in silver and gules; to dexter, the bearded head of a Spanish soldier, in profile looking the center wearing morion and ruff; to sinister the head of a cute Tarahumara woman head-dressed with a red band that circles the top of his head holding the hair that falls to the height of the shoulders. The two heads represent two golden medallions. In the lower section or point base, there is the facade of the Chihuahua Cathedralin gold on blue. The State governor, the president of the Congress, the president of the Supreme Court and the general secretary of state, all certificated a sample of the coat of arms of Chihuahua.

From: Congreso de Chihuahua official web-site
Reported and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 18 March 2005.


By decree number 1241/2015 published on 20 February 2016, the Decree of 23 February 1983 and the Ley del Himno del Estado de Chihuahua (Law on the Anthem of the State of Chihuahua) published on 26 August 2006, merged to form the Ley del Himno y el Escudo del Estado de Chihuahua (Law on the Anthem and Coat Arms of the State of Chihuahua). It did not change the features of the State arms established in 1983.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 11 January 2020.


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