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History of the Peruvian Flag (1822)

Last modified: 2012-04-21 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: sun: 24 rays | sun (red) | sun (white) | sun (golden) | sun: face | austria |
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Flag of Peru of 1822
image by António Martins, 01 Nov 2003
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National flag

A flag on display at the Fuerte Real Felipe museum in Callao, near Lima, run by the army, shows rather a golden sun with facial features. The guide told me the flags are really old, but I think they are reproductions. The original flags were behind glass. I saw the same flag in a magazine for Peruvian pupils about history: the sun was the same.
Jan-Patrick Fischer, 15 Mar 2001

Detail of the sun

Sun of Peru of 1822
image by António Martins, 01 Nov 2003

Incorrect versions

from Hispano American Enciclopaedya and Flaggenbuch 1905

Flag of Peru of 1822
image by Jaume Ollé, 10 Nov 2003

I believe that this image is wrong. I checked it and I saw that according the image source only must be red the ring. Furthermore in this era the suns were generally depicted with face (in the source face is not pictured). Source is a plate in the article Peru of the Hispano American Enciclopaedya, volume 43. This Enciclopedya reproce mainly the flags plates from Flaggenbuch 1905 [ruh05].
Jaume Ollé, 10 Nov 2003

Why on earth would Flaggenbuch 1905 [ruh05] show the short-lived 1822-1823 Peruvian flag when the flag used in 1905 was the same as the one adopted in 1825, still in use nowadays?
Santiago Dotor, 19 Nov 2003

from Flag Report

Flag of Peru of 1822
image by Jaume Ollé, 26 Jul 1996

According to The American Hispanic Encyclopaedia, on 1822-03-15, the Marquis of Torre Tagle, supreme delegate, dictated a decree, modifying the previous, that said: «The national flag of Peru will be composed of a transverse white stripe between two flesh-colored of the same width, with a sun also flesh-colored on the white stripe.»
Jaume Ollé, 26 Jul 1996

My image is wrong. I checked the source (Hispano American Enciclopaedya, volume 43) and I see that I pictured red sun wrongly, when, according the image source only must be red the ring.
Jaume Ollé, 10 Nov 2003

Perhaps influenced by the design of a previous and a following flag? (Or is that one also mistaken?)
António Martins, 10 Aug 2004

Better image here.
Esteban Rivera, 24 April 2010


State flag

State Flag of Peru of 1822
image by Jaume Ollé

«The preference badge (Flag of the State) will be all flesh-colored with a white sun in the center.» (Source: The American Hispanic Encyclopaedia)
Jaume Ollé, 26 Jul 1996, further quoting a decree of 15 Mar 1822


Banner

«The banner will be equal in all to the flag, with the difference of the provisional arms of the State, that will carry embroidered on the center of the white stripe (the provisional weapons are described thus: formed the shield the flags of all the republics that fight against Spain, this is those of Colombia, Chile, Argentina and Peru , and this shield will be put between the Peruvian flame and the Chilean condor).» (Source: The American Hispanic Encyclopaedia)
Jaume Ollé, 26 Jul 1996, further quoting a decree of 15 Mar 1822


Merchant ensign

Maritime Flag of Peru of 1822
image by Jaume Ollé

«The flag of the mercantile ships will be equal to the national, with the difrerence of not to carry the flesh-colored sun in the band of the center» (Source: The American Hispanic Encyclopaedia)
Jaume Ollé, 26 Jul 1996, further quoting a decree of 15 Mar 1822

Identical to the current and contemporary flag of Austria.
António Martins, 30 Oct 2003