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Busko-Zdrój city (Poland)

Busko-Zdrój county, Swietokrzyskie vojvodship

Last modified: 2017-11-11 by andrew weeks
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[Busko-Zdrój city flag] image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 29 Jan 2009
adopted 19 Nov 2002 See also:

Busko-Zdrój city flag

Busko-Zdrój - urban-rural commune, Busko-Zdrój County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodship.
Gmina Busko-Zdrój is an urban-rural gmina (commune) in Busko County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodship, in south-central Poland. Its seat is the town of Busko-Zdrój, which lies approximately 47 kilometres (29 mi) south of the regional capital Kielce.
Area: 235.88 (91.1 sq.mi); Population: 32,512 (2006) - town of Busko-Zdrój - 17,297.
land under cultivation - 80%; forests - 11%.
A fine spa town, famous for its saline waters - it has a highest number of sunny days in all of Poland.

Origins of Busko go back to the 12th century when a settlement of shepherds arose around the St Leonard's church. In 1185 the owner of Busko and its surroundings, Knight Dersław brought Norbertine nuns to the land .
He then left them all his property in his will. Since 1241 for a few hundred years Busko was owned by the convent.
In 1251 it received from King Bolesław V the Chaste (Bolesław Wstydliwy) a revenue privilege allowing the convent, e.g. to use saline waters. It was the first record concerning using the mineral waters of Busko.
In 1287 Busko was granted the civic rights by King Leszek II the Black. The advantageous location of the town at a meeting point of trade routes made King Władysław Jagiełło grant local burghers a privilege of a weekly market and two fairs a year in 1412. The 15th and 16th centuries were heyday of the town. It was famous then for trade and cloth production.
The spa (presently: Sanatorium Marconi) was officially opened in 1828.

Arms, (and, presumably, flag) adopted on November 19, 2002 (resolution # I/4/2002).

"Arms: an image of white sun with 16 yellow rays on the red shield.
It is based on old seals and Coat of Armśs of the town - the oldest seal of 1517 had twelve rays, the Arms of 1774 had eight and the ones from 1779 - sixteen.
The sun represents the fact it is the sunniest place in the country.

Flag is not mentioned in the laws, but, again, "a picture's worth a thousand words" - there are photographs of the actual flags displayed recently.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 29 Jan 2009

Busko-Zdrój city Coat of Arms

[Busko-Zdrój city Coat of Arms] image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 29 Jan 2009
adopted 19 Nov 2002