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Azerbaijan in the Soviet Union (early flags)

Last modified: 2014-04-05 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: hammer and sickle: no star (yellow) | hammer and sickle (yellow) | azssr | a3ccp | assr | accp | crescent: points to fly (yellow) |
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Flag of 1920-1921

Azeri SSR in 1920
image by Ivan Sache, 21 Jun 2003

According to Lux-Wurm [lux01], between April 1920 and 1921, the Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan used a red flag with a yellow crescent and star in canton.
Ivan Sache, 21 Jun 2003


Flags of 1921-1922

With green canton

Azeri SSR in 1921
image by Ivan Sache, 21 Jun 2003

Lux-Wurm [lux01] shows for the 1921-1927 period a red flag with the yellow Cyrillic letters "ACCP" placed in a green canton, of area one third of the total flag area. Lux-Wurm says that that flag was introduced following political changes imposed by Moscow. In 1921, the Communist Party of Azerbaijan was accusated of “nationalist deviation” and Moscow appointed Sergei Kirov as the new First Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan. (This is the very same Sergei Mironovitch Kostrikov, a.k.a. Kirov (1886-1934), who was Stalin’s heir apparent until his assassination on 1 December 1934, which was the starting act of the big purges.)
Ivan Sache, 21 Jun 2003

With no canton

Azeri SSR in 1921
image by Mark Sensen, 17 Apr 1996

Red with in the upper hoist yellow Cyrillic initials (ASSR) in sans-serif.
Mark Sensen, 17 Apr 1996


1922-1936: Transcaucasia

After the three republics (Armenia, Azerbaidjan, and Georgia) had been conquered by the Red Army, a Transcaucasian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic was formed in 1922, becoming a Union Republic of the USSR in the same year. In 1936 this republic was abolished and Armenia, Azerbaidjan, and Georgia were established as Union Republics.
Jarig Bakker, 26 Mar 1999,
quoting Everyman’s Concise Encyclopaedia of Russia, S. V. Utechin, 1961

Flag of 1927-1937?

The next paragraph [after these two] in Lux-Wurm [lux01] is very weird. The author says that on the flag imposed in 1927, a hammer and sickle were placed above the crescent and star. Lux-Wurm says it was the result of the campaign against pan-Turkism. …but we know that Azerbiajan was included from 1922 to 1936 in the Transcaucasian Socialist Federal Republic, with no flag matching that description).
Ivan Sache, 21 Jun 2003


Flag of 1937-1939

Azeri SSR in 1937
image by Mark Sensen, 25 May 1996

[Flag of 1937:] Red with in the upper hoist yellow Latin initials ("AzSSR") in serif. Yellow hammer and sickle above.
Mark Sensen, 25 May 1996


Flag of 1939-1952

Azeri SSR 1939
image by Mark Sensen, 02 Jun 1996

[Flag of the 1940’s:] Red with in the upper hoist yellow Cyrillic initials (AzSSR) in serif. Yellow hammer and sickle above.
Mark Sensen, 02 Jun 1996

version with star

Azeri SSR 1939 w/ star
image by Mark Sensen and António Martins, 12 Oct 2006

Lux-Wurm [lux01] says that the 1937 flag has only the hammer and sickle, surmonted with a red star, above the Cyrillic initials of the name of the Republic.
Ivan Sache, 21 Jun 2003

A new flag was adopted in 7 October 1952.
Željko Heimer, 17 Apr 1996


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