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Bukhara in the Soviet Union

Bukharian PSR

Last modified: 2013-12-14 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: bukhara | crescent: points to fly (yellow) | bnsr | star with hammer and sickle | star: 5 points (yellow) |
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Introduction

Central Asian Khanates of Bukhara and Khiva retained Khans ruling under Russian suzerinity until the Soviet period. They have remained independent until about 1924-5. But if I recall correctely the Khans were deposed already in the late 10s / early 20ies. After that they became the People’s Republic of Bukhara and the People’s Soviet Republic of Khwarizm (Khorezmian PSR). Eventually they were merged into a Soviet Turkestan which in the 30ies was divided into Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kirgizstan. By the way, there was another city Khanate in the same region (present Uzbekistan), Khoqand, which lost its independence already in 1876, during Czarist times.
Mark Sensen, 17 Apr 1996


Flag of 1920

Flag of Bukharian PSR in 1920
image by Jaume Ollé, 08 Oct 1996

The Khan of Bukhara went out of his country in 1919. Sokolov does not mention of the period (1919-20) but in other sources I read that the red flag with crescent and star was used. In 1920 the flag was adopted oficially.
Jaume Ollé, 08 Oct 1996


Flag of 1921

Flag of Bukharian PSR in 1921
image by Mark Sensen, 17 Apr 1996

Green over red. In the centre a yellow crescent and star, in the star a red hammer and sickle. In the upper hoist yellow cyrillic initials (BNSR) in sanserif.
Jaume Ollé, 08 Oct 1996

Variation

Flag of Bukharian PSR in 1921
image by António Martins, 08 Sep 2003

A spanish vexillological magazine (Banderas [ban], perhaps?) shows a slightly different version: No hammer and sickle inside the star, “more closed” crescent and 2:3 ratio.
António Martins, 15 Nov 2002


Flag of 1923

Flag of Bukharian PSR in 1923
image by Jaume Ollé, 08 Oct 1996

The constitution (1921 or 22) did not change the flag, but on 11 October 1923 the Fourth All Bukhara Kurualtay (Asembly) established newly the red flag. In October 1924 the Bukhara republic was merged in Uzbekistan.
Jaume Ollé, 08 Oct 1996