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El Salvador - Political Flags

Last modified: 2017-09-29 by zoltán horváth
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Overview

There are elections in El Salvador this sunday, and on <upd.tse.gob.sv> you can see all the flags of the 11 political parties that are participating.
Fred Drews, 14 March 2003

There are presidential elections in El Salvador this month on the 21st and there are only 6 parties participating of which only one is a new party. The parties are:
- PCN - Partido de Conciliacion Nacional
- PDC - Partido Democrata Cristiano
- FMLN - Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional
- ARENA - Partido Alianza Republicana Nacionalicta
- PNL - Partido Nacional Liberal (new!)
- CDU - Centro Democratico Unido
Fred Drews, 3 March 2004

Today there are elections in El Salvador for mayors and legislators. 6 parties are participating:
- ARENA
- CD
- FMLN
- PCN
- PDC
- PNL
Fred Drews, 12 March 2006

The following parties participated in the March 1 2015 elections:
FPS Fraternidad Patriota Salvadoreña
GANA Gran Alianza por la Unidad Nacional
PCN Partido de Concertación Nacional
PSD Partido Social Demócrata
ARENA Alianza Republicana Nacionalicta
CD Cambio Democrático
PDC Partido Demócrata Cristiana
PSP Patido Salvadoreño Progresista
FMLN Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional
DS Democracia Salvadoreña
Fred Drews, 02 March 2015


ARENA - Partido Alianza Republicana Nacionalicta


image by Fred Drews, 02 March 2015


image by Fred Drews, 02 March 2015

Improved and other version ARENA Alianza Republicana Nacionalicta.
Fred Drews, 02 March 2015


Previously Reported Flag:

image by Ivan Sache, 16 March 2003

Based on image from <upd.tse.gob.sv>. This party took part in 2003 elections.
Fred Drews, 14 March 2003


Bloque Popular Revolucionario

[El Salvador - Bloque Popular Revolucionario]
image by Fred Drews, 02 March 2015

[El Salvador - Bloque Popular Revolucionario]
image by Fred Drews, 02 March 2015

Newer and other version BPR Bloque Popular Revolucionario.
Fred Drews, 02 March 2015


Previously Reported Flag:
[El Salvador - Bloque Popular Revolucionario]
image by Randy Young, 21 January 1999

On a red field, a red star centered within a white triangle that's based on the hoist. I'm assuming from the name of the party and the red star that they have some socialist or communist connection.
Source: William Crampton, "The Complete Guide to Flags," printed in 1989.
Randy Young, 21 January 1999


CD - Centro Democratico


image by Fred Drews, 02 March 2015


image by Fred Drews, 02 March 2015

Two versions of flag of CD Cambio Democrático.
Fred Drews, 02 March 2015


Previously Reported Flag:


image by Fred Drews, 12 March 2006

This party took part in 2006 elections.
Fred Drews, 12 March 2006


CDU - Centro Democratico Unido


image by Ivan Sache, 16 March 2003

Based on image from <upd.tse.gob.sv>. This party took part in 2003 elections.
Fred Drews, 14 March 2003


Democracia Salvadoreña


image by Fred Drews, 05 March 2015

New version of Flag, DS Democracia Salvadoreña
Fred Drews, 05 March 2015


Previously Reported Flag:


image by Fred Drews, 14 August 2014

Democracia Salvadoreña (DS) was established in 2013 by Adolfo Salume Artiñano. The party was officially registered on 13 September 2013 by the Electoral Supreme Court, as "Partido Democracia Salvadoreña" (PDS). The party was joined on 24 July 2014 by the three Representatives Wilfredo Iraheta Sanabria, Claudia Ramírez, and Sigfrido Ochoa Pérez. DS expects to compete in the 2015 general elections.
The party's colours and emblem are described in Article of the party's Statutes:
Democracia Salvadoreña has for distinctive colours blue, green, and white. Blue is used in the writing "DEMOCRACIA SALVADOREÑA" , while green and white are used in the emblem. The emblem is made of an logotype inscribed in a disc, whose shape suggests a clover with four irregular leaves, visually from right to left starting at the bottom of the disc. At the right side of the circle is the writing "Democracia Salvadoreña", in capital letters of the font Myriad Pro bold. The text is written on two lines; the first line, representing 75% of the whole text's width, reads 'DEMOCRACIA', proportionally fitted to the first eight letters of "SALVADOREÑA", which is written on the second line, representing 100% of the text's width. The colour of the letters is blue Pantone 2945c.
The initial of each word (DS) may be used for a concise reading of the party's emblem. THe colour of the disc is green Pantone 361 c.
Source: http://www.ds.com.sv/2_0/estatutos/ESTATUTOS%20DS-TSE.pdf - DS Statutes
Ivan Sache, 14 August 2014


ERP - Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo


image by Fred Drews, 02 March 2015

Flag of new ERP Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo.
Fred Drews, 02 March 2015

A website atributes a different flag to this group. (There are also the flags of other component groups of the FMLN, some of them already presented, but not as such.)
Another website attributes it, along with another design (large star above the abbreviation E.R.P.) to an Agrentinian group, but with a different design.
Finally, there is a website (probably the one which was the source, but we aren't informed of that) which does attribute the design to this group. All in all, rather confusing.
Tomislav Todorović, 02 March 2015


FDR - Frente Democrático Revolutionario


image by Ivan Sache, 17 June 2005

The political party "Frente Democrático Revolutionario" (FDR) has been formed by 117 dissidents from "Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional" (FMLN), including four MPs and their deputies. On 15 June 2005, the leaders of the new party have registered their statutes with the Election Supreme Court ("Tribunal Supremo Electoral"). The provisory general coordinator of FDR is Julio Hernández. The deputy coordinator is Francisco Jovel, member of the general command of FMLN during the civil war. The new party has decided not to participate to the next general and municipal elections (2006), but will have a candidate for the next presidential election (2009). The flag of FDR is red with the acronym of the party in yellow letters.
Sources: Diario El Mundo - 15 June 2005, La Prensa Gráfica - 16 June 2005.
Reconstituted image (no image of the real flag seen yet).
Ivan Sache, 17 June 2005

Salvadorian newspapers report that the political party Frente Democrático Revolucionario (FDR) has started the process of changing its flag, logotype and motto. The proposals shall follow the Electoral Code, which prohibits the use by political parties of the name or acronym of state institutions as well as the use of the flag or arms of other countries. All citizens of Salvador can propose symbols for the party. The first prize will be a computer, the second and the third prize will be a digital camera. The deadline is 26 June 2006. The new flag is expected to be unveiled during the General Assembly of FDR scheduled on 23 July 2006.
The current flag of FDR, which was founded in June 2005, was reported to be red with the party acronym in yellow letters.
Sources: Diario Colatino - 6 June 2006, La Prensa Gráfica - 7 June 2006.
Ivan Sache, 8 June 2006


image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 22 May 2010

The political Party FDR have a new flag design.
Fred Drews, 12 August 2009

At http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frente_Democr%C3%A1tico_Revolucionario it is said that this 1980-1988 Salvadorean political party coalition, merged in 1988 to became Convergencia Democrática, was in 2006 the inspiration for a breakaway ex-F.M.L.N.-ers for their new party, which «took the name and flag of the historical F.D.R.».
In the Spanish Wikipedia article the date 2006 is incorrect, comparing with Ivan’s sources, stating foundation in June 2005 and a contest for a new party flag in July 2006.
I think that the red flag with yellow letters is the flag of the 1980-1988 party, and of the 1st year (2005-2006) of the later party with the same name; the yellow flag with sun and red letters is probably the flag of the later party adopted in July 2006.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 22 May 2010


FMLN - Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional


image by Ivan Sache, 16 March 2003


image by Fred Drews, 03 March 2015

Image of the flag at <www.netcomsa.com/fmln>.
Dov Gutterman, 10 March 1999

Based on image from <upd.tse.gob.sv>. This party took part in 2003 elections.
Fred Drews, 14 March 2003

Brief description: Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front.
Mothertongue Name: Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN).
Base of Operation: El Salvador.
Founding Philosophy: Nicaragua was plagued by several terrorist organizations in the 1970s and 1980s. Terrorists fought for both rightist and leftist ideologies. In the late 1970s, Cuba's Fidel Castro offered financial aid to a number of Communist and leftist insurgent groups in El Salvador. As a precondition to receiving Cuban aid, the leftist groups would first have to centralize their military command. On the 17th of December 1979, in period of national crisis, the three dominant Marxist organizations (FPL, RN and PCS) in El Salvador formed the Coordinadora Político-Militar (in order to fulfill Castro's requirement). The CPM's first manifesto was released on 10th of January 1980, and the day afterwards the Coordinadora Revolucionaria de Masas was formed as a union of revolutionary mass organizations. CRM later merged with the Frente Democrático Salvadoreño to form the Frente Democrático Revolucionario.
On May 22nd, 1980, the Dirección Revolucionaria Unificada was created by the FPL, RN, EPL and PCS. DRU consisted of three Political Commission members from each of these four organizations. The DRU manifesto declared, "There will be only one leadership, only one military plan and only one command, only one political line."
On the 10th of October 1980 the four organizations formed the Frente Farabundo Martí de Liberación Nacional (FMLN). In December of the same year, the Salvadoran branch of the Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores Centroamericanos broke away from its central organization and affiliated itself to FMLN. Thus the following organizations composed FMLN (listed in the order of size at the time of the peace accords in 1992):  
- Fuerzas Popular de Liberación "Farabundo Martí" (FPL)
- Partido Comunista de El Salvador, armed wing Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación (PCS)
- Partido de la Revolución Salvadoreña, armed wing Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo (ERP)
- Fuerzas Armadas de la Resistencia Nacional (RN)
- Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores Centroamericanos, armed wing Ejército Revolucionario de los Trabajadores Centroamericanos (PRTC).
For the next decade, FMLN would engage in a terrorist insurgency within El Salvador. FMLN's goal was to recreate El Salvador as a Communist state. The group took its inspiration from its two financial sponsors, Cuba and the Sandinistas of Nicaragua. In fact, the ability of both Castro's government and the Sandinistas to successfully perpetuate and win a Communist revolution was proof to FMLN that their objective was not impossible.
After the formation of the front, FMLN launched a major military offensive on the 10th of January 1981.
The organization was named for the rebel leader Farabundo Martí, who led workers and peasants in an uprising to transform Salvadoran society after the devastation caused by the eruption of the volcano Izalco in 1932. In response, the military regime led by General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, who had seized power in a 1931 coup, launched an effective but brutal counterinsurgency campaign that saw 30,000 suspected guerrillas and Martí supporters killed.
In the end, FMLN did not overthrow the Salvadoran government and El Salvador did not morph into a Communist state. However, it took a decade of bloodshed and destruction before FMLN finally accepted its inability to affect significant change.
After the ceasefire established by the 1992 Chapultepec Peace Accords, the FMLN became a legitimate political party. Its candidate for the 2004 presidential election was Schafik Handal.
Today there are two main tendencies within the party, the "ortodoxos" (mainly former Partido Comunista militants) and "renovadores" (mainly former FPL militants).
Current Goals: FMLN initiated its first major offensive against El Salvador' military in January 1981. It failed. The organization retreated to the countryside and concentrated on increasing membership. During this time, group membership reached over 10, 000 active members. In this period, FMLN would directly engage in force the military forces of El Salvador. By the late 1980s, FMLN's insurgency was still unsuccessful and was faltering. After 1988, the group expanded its terrorist tactics to include attacks within urban areas. Still, the conflict dragged on and a Communist state did not seem probable, though persisting terrorist attacks, fatalities, and injuries predictably continued. In late 1989, FMLN commenced another major offensive. Again, it failed. Following a decade of failed insurgency, FMLN finally reached a peace settlement with the Salvadoran government on December 31, 1991. The Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) is no longer an active terrorist organization. Today, FMLN is a legal political party in El Salvador.
Sources: <www.tkb.org>, <en.wikipedia.org>.
E. R., 27 June 2005

Improved Flag of FMLN Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional.
Fred Drews, 02 March 2015


Variant


image from WikiPedia

The variant is located in WikiPedia. The author of this entry states the following: "Banner used until 1992. Clarification: the official FMLN banner was red and white; the red and yellow version shown above was used by the FPL. Photos of the celebration of the peace accords on January 16,1992 by the whole FMLN show the red and white flag, which, slightly adapted, became the banner of the legal political party."
E. R., 31 December 2007


FPL - Fuerzas Popular de Liberación "Farabundo Martí"


first version
image by Eugene Ipavec, 31 December 2007


second version
image by Eugene Ipavec, 31 December 2007


logo
image from <www.cedema.org>

The FMLN was an amalgamation of several factions. One of these factions was the FPL (Fuerzas Popular de Liberación "Farabundo Martí" - "Farabundo Marti" Popular Liberation Forces). The FPL was founded on April 1, 1970 as a dissident group of the PCS (Partido Comunista Salvadoreño - Salvadorean Communist Party). This was the biggest leftist guerrilla group in the 1970's until they merged with other groups into the FMLN. In 1975 the BPR (Bloque Popular Revolucionario - Revolutionary Popular Bloc) was established to organize popular support, mainly peasants and unions that agreed with the movement. On January 16, 1992 the Acuerdos de Paz de Chapultepec (Chapultepec Peace Agreements) were signed and later on the FPL laid down its weapons, and in 1995 they fully demobilized themselves and became a political party inside the FMLN.
E. R., 31 December 2007



image by Fred Drews, 03 March 2015


image by Fred Drews, 03 March 2015

Logos, color versions FPL Fuerzas Popular de Liberación "Farabundo Martí.
Fred Drews, 03 March 2015


FPS - Fraternidad Patriota Salvadoreña


image by Fred Drews, 15 August 2014

In "Diario El Mundo" (1), 9 May 2006, Edgardo Rivera reports that Fraternidad Patriota Salvadoreña (FPS) is about to become the sixth political party registered with the Electoral Supreme Court for the general elections of 2009.
The FPS is mostly composed of former soldiers and members of the former National Police, but includes also lawyers, businessmen and students. Oscar Lemus, President of the FPS, says that the party belongs to the humanist and progressist right. The party has its seat in Santa Tecla.
Anyway, the FPS has already a flag, vertically divided white-blue. The white half is charged with a person raisong the right arm, surmonting the writing FRATERNIDAD PATRIOTA in red, whereas the blue half is charged with the red letters FPS placed vertically and the writing SALVADOR (or SALVADORENA?) horizontally, sharing the S of FPS, so that the full name of the party can be read horizontally on the bottom of the flag.
A photography by Franklin Zelaya in "Diario El Mundo" shows Oscar Lemus presenting a plate showing the party flag, whereas a real party flag is hanging on the wall behind him.
Source: <www.elmundo.com.sv>.
Ivan Sache, 11 May 2006

Diario El Mundo, 11 May 2006, has an article dedicated to the new political party FPS, giving an explicit description of the party symbols as: "As a symbol the party uses an Indian, who represents the native peoples, and the party flag is vertically divided blue and white.". The picture of the flag showed the Indian and the party name in red, and was divided white and blue, therefore we should better wait for more images of the flag before deciding how it is really.
Source: <www.elmundo.com.sv>.
Ivan Sache, 13 May 2006

The FPS, re-established on 17 June 2011, was officially registered for the 2014 presidential elections on 22 October 2013 by the Electoral Supreme Court. The ticket for the election is composed of Óscar Lemus and of Rafael Menjívar.
Source: http://noticias.lainformacion.com/politica/candidatos-politicos/fraternidad-patriota-salvadorena-inscribe-su-formula-presidencial-para-2014_dkPjPGxtIveEw4ex7x9fx7/ 
The FPS ticket gained 6,659 votes (0.25%) at the first round of the presidential election of 2 February 2014, and could not qualify for the second round.
The flag in actual use has the right stripe in a much darker shade of blue than on the party's logo.
Photos:
http://www.newsmillenium.com/2013/07/02/fps-se-pronuncia-ante-diversos-temas/ 
http://www.newsmillenium.com/2011/06/21/fps-estructurado-con-capital-de-sus-miembros/ 
http://www.laprensagrafica.com/presidencia-de-el-salvador-sera-disputada-por-cinco-candidatos  >
Ivan Sache, 15 August 2014


Fuerza Cristiana


image by Ivan Sache, 16 March 2003

Based on image from <upd.tse.gob.sv>. This party took part in 2003 elections.
Fred Drews, 14 March 2003


Gran Alianza por la Unidad Nacional - GANA


image by Zoltan Horvath, 11 March 2014

"Grand Alliance for National Unity (Spanish: Gran Alianza por la Unidad Nacional or GANA) is a political party in El Salvador. The party established itself on 16 January 2010. The majority of party members came from the ARENA. GANA is a conservative and right-wing party. Nevertheless, it forms a parliamentary coalition with the ruling leftist FMLN. GANA ranks third in seats in the Asamblea Legislativa (Legislative Assmebly) after FMLN and ARENA, first and second, respectively. GANA is an acronym which means win in Spanish."
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Alliance_for_National_Unity
The flag is a horizontal orange flag with the party's name in the middle in blue (the initials) and in white (party's full name) as seen here and here.
Sources: http://www.elsalvadornoticias.net/2010/04/17/gana-presenta-70-mil-firmas-al-tse-para-su-inscripcion/
http://www.gana.org.sv/2011/07/alfredito-lemus-tiene-listo-su-%E2%80%9Cconcejo%E2%80%9D-para-ganar-comuna-de-santa-ana/# )
For additional information go to GANA (official website) 
Esteban Rivera, 09 March 2014

Previous version:

image by Zoltan Horvath, 11 March 2014

I found another variant or previous variant of this party flag, It has only blue abbreviation on orange field. Pictures below were taken in 2011.
http://www.newsmillenium.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/GANA.jpg
http://www.newsmillenium.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Heber-Flores-300x225.jpg
Zoltan Horvath, 11 March 2014


More variants of flag:

image by Fred Drews, 03 March 2015


image by Fred Drews, 03 March 2015

Two versions of flag - GANA Gran Alianza por la Unidad Nacional
Fred Drews, 03 March 2015


MNP - Movimiento Nuevo País


image by Fred Drews, 04 March 2015


image by Fred Drews, 04 March 2015

Flag, two versions of MNP Movimiento Nuevo País.
Fred Drews, 04 March 2015


Movimiento Renovador


image by Ivan Sache, 16 March 2003

Based on image from <upd.tse.gob.sv>. This party took part in 2003 elections.
Fred Drews, 14 March 2003