Last modified: 2017-05-18 by rob raeside
Keywords: tunisia | tunis |
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image by Ivan Sache, 16 April 2017
The flag of city of Tunis can be seen at
Tomislav ipek, 15 April 2017
The arms feature the Zitouna mosque, the oldest mosque in Tunis, allegedly
built in the 8th century near an olive-tree ("zitoun"). The minaret, of 84 m in
height, was erected in 1984. The mosque is located in the old town (medina) of
Tunis, which is inscribed on the UNECO World's Heritage List:
Located in a fertile plain region of north-eastern Tunisia, and a few kilometres from the sea, the Medina of Tunis is one of the first Arabo-Muslim towns of the Maghreb (698 A.D.). Capital of several universally influential dynasties, it represents a human settlement that bears witness to the interaction between architecture, urbanism and the effects of socio-cultural and economic changes of earlier cultures. Under the Almohads and the Hafsids, from the 12th to the 16th century, Tunis was considered one of the greatest and wealthiest cities in the Arab world. Numerous testimonies from this and earlier periods exist today. Between the 16th and 19th centuries, new powers endowed the city with numerous palaces and residences, great mosques, zaouias and madrasas.
The inscribed property covers an area of approximately 280 ha and comprises all the features of an Arabo-Muslim city. It is composed of the central medina (8th century) and suburbs to the North and South (13th century). There are some 700 historic monuments, distributed in 7 areas, among which the most remarkable are the Zitouna Mosque, the Kasbah Mosque, the Youssef Dey Mosque, Bab Jedid Gate, Bab Bhar Gate, the Souq el-Attarine, the Dar el-Bey, Souqs ech-Chaouachia, the Tourbet (family cemetery) el Bey, noble houses such as Dar Hussein, Dar Ben Abdallah, Dar Lasram, the Medrasa Es- Slimanya and El-
Mouradia, the El Attarine military barracks and the Zaouia of Sidi Mehrez.
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/36 - Full record
Ivan Sache, 16 April 2017