Last modified: 2014-07-14 by ivan sache
Keywords: republican people's party |
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Flag of the CHP - Image by Onur Özgün, 9 August 2001
The Republican People's Party party was founded by Mustafa Kemal
Atatürk, the father of the Turkish Republic, in 1923, the year
of the proclamation of the Republic.
Prior establishment of multipartism in 1946, the Republican People's Party was the only authorized party in Turkey. It was suppressed with all the other political parties in 1980 after the military coup.
Source: Encyclopaedia Universalis
Ivan Sache, 26 April 2001
The flag was adopted in 1935. The above image was drawn after very detailed construction instructions given on the
The six arrows on the red field represent the six basic principles of the party and of its founder, Kemal Atatürk: Republicanism, Nationalism, Populism, Statism, Secularism and Revolutionism. The shapes of the arrows are copied from old Turkish arrows.
On several flags (photo), the arrows start from an imaginary bowed
line. Seen like this, the arrows resemble darts or sunrays; on a small flag, dated from the 1950s, the arrows start from a straight line.
On the party website, a page dedicated to the flag with a detailed construction sheet (including the arrows) and extensive explanations (in Turkish only). The construction sheet shows the bowed line but the next two images below shows how to make it straight.
On some flags, the white letters "CHP" are placed below the arrows.
The flag has sometimes a golden fringe (photo.
The flag also exists as white with red arrows.
Onur Özgün, Jan Mertens & Ivan Sache, 6 April 2009