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Adana (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2017-12-15 by ivan sache
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Flag of Adana Metropolitan Municipality, horizontal and vertical version - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 15 December 2017

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Presentation of Adana

The Metropolitan Municipality of Adana (1,736,564 inhabitants; 19,450 ha) is located in south-eastern Turkey, on the Mediterranean Sea. Adana is the unofficial capital of Çukurova (in Turkish, "Low Plain"), the region once known as Cilicia, made today of the Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye and Hatay Provinces.

Adana was one of the first industrialized and economically developed town of Turkey. A mid-size trading town until mid-1800s, Adana saw attraction from European traders after the major cotton supplier, USA, suffered from the Civil War.
Adana is the marketing and distribution center for Çukurova, where cotton, wheat, corn, soybean, barley, grapes and citrus fruits are produced. Farmers of Adana produce half of the corn and soybean harvest in Turkey. 34% of Turkey's peanut and 29% of Turkey's orange is harvested in Adana. Cooperatives played significant role in the economy of the town. Çukobirlik, Turkey's largest cooperative, has 36,064 members in 10 provinces and offers services from planting to marketing of cotton, peanut, soybean, sunflower and canola.
Adana's large-scale industry is based mostly on agriculture. Textile and leather are the major industries, constituting 29% of Adana's manufacturing; plant oil and processed food manufacturing plants are also numerous. As of 2008, Adana has 11 companies in Turkey's top 500 industrial firms. The largest company of Adana, Temsa Global, in automotive manufacturing, has more than 2,500 employees and manufactures 4,000 buses annually. Marsan-Adana is the largest margarine and plant oil factory in Turkey. Advansa Sasa is Europe's largest polyester manufacturer, employing 2,650.
The golden age for the architecture of Adana was the late 15th and the 16th century when the Ramadanid rulers chose Adana as their capital. The town grew rapidly during that period with many new neighborhoods built. Most of the historical landmarks of Adana were built during this period, thus Mamlukand Seljuqid architecture is dominant in Adana's architectural history.
[Adana, a living city, Adana Science and Technology University]

Ivan Sache, 17 September 2017

Flag of Adana

The flag of Adana (photo), also used vertically (photo), is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Büyükşehir Belediyesi" means "Metropolitan Municipality".

The emblem features two of the town's landmarks, the Stone Bridge (Taşköprü) and the Great Clock Tower (Büyük Saat).
The bridge across the river Sarus (modern Seyhan) was probably constructed during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (117-138). The 300 meters long and 13 meters high construction was erected by an engineer named Auxentius and restored by the Byzantine emperor Justinian. The monument was again restored by the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun in the ninth century, and several times under Ottoman rule. It is still in use, and the only archaeological monument in the city.
[Livius, 28 July 2015]
"It is such a magnificent work that it has no match. The clock bell rings but in fact it is the sound of the state," wrote poet Fani Efendi in his poem inscribed on the clock tower built by Governor Abidin Pasha in Adana in 1882.
[Daily Sabah, 5 January 2017]

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 15 December 2017

Football clubs


Adanaspor (Adanaspor A.Ş) was established in 1954. After a merger with Akinspor and Torosspor, Adanaspor was granted the professional status in 1966 and adopted its current colours.
The club played in the top league for the 1971-1984, 1988-1991, 1998-2001, and 2002-2004 seasons, finishing 4th in 1975-1976 and 2nd in 1980-1981. Adanaspor declared bankruptcy in 2005, ending in the Third League in 2006. The club eventually returned to Super League in 2016.


Adanaspor supporter's flag - Image by Ivan Sache, 4 June 2017

In March 2016, Adanaspor defeated Adana Demirspor (1-0) in their opponent's stadium. To celebrate the victory in the Adana derby, the players planted in the middle of the central circle of the stadium a flag (photo, photo) horizontally divided orange-white-orange with the Turkish national flag in canton and the writing "ŞAMPİYON ADANASPOR" (Adanaspor Champion) in orange letters in the white stripe. Orange and white, the club's colours, recall that Adana is a main center of cotton (a cotton boll is featured on the club's emblem) and orange cultivation in Turkey. The players are nicknamed the Taurus Tigers for their jersey, vertically striped orange and white.
All Turkish football fans immediately identified the (kind of) re- enacting of Graeme Souness' legendary act of bravado at the end of the final of the 1996 Turkish Cup won by Galatasaray.

Ivan Sache, 4 June 2017

Adana Demirspor


Flag of Adana Demirspor - Image by Ivan Sache, 7 November 2016

Adana Demirspor (Adana Demir Spor Kulübü) was established in 1940 by employees of the Turkish State Railways (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları, TCCD). Another 38 sports clubs named Demirspor were established by TCCD.
Adana Demirspor lost the final of the Turkish Cup to Trabzonspor (3-0; 0-0) in 1978 and finished 6th of Super League in 1982. The club was relegated to First League in 1995.

Adana Demisrpor is the club where two emblematic figures of Turkish football, Fatih Terim and Hasan Şaş, made their professional debuts.
Fatih Terim "The Emperor" (b. 1953) played for Adana Demirspor's youth team from 1963 to 1969 and for the professional team from 1969 to 1974 (125 caps, 25 goals). He moved to Galatasaray where he played until retirement in 1985 (357 caps, 15 goals). Terim played as a defender for the Turkish national team from 1975 to 1985 (51 caps, 2 goals). Terim became the successful manager of Galatasaray: 1996-2000, 4 national titles and the UEFA Cup in 2000; 2002-2004; 2011-2013: 3 national titles and quarter finals in the Champions League) and made a noted appearance on the Italian scene (Fiorentina, 2000-2001; Milan, 2001). As the manager of the Turkish national team, he obtained unprecedented international success (1993-1996: first qualification ever for the final tournament of European Football Championship, 1996 ; 2005-2009, semi-finals at Euro 2008; 2013-).
Hasan Şaş (b. 1976) played for Adana Demirspor from 1993 to 1995 (4 caps). After a few years spent with Ankaragücü (1995-1998; 80 caps, 9 goals), he moved to Galatasaray where he played until retirement in 2009 (234 caps, 28 goals). Şaş played as a winger for the Turkish national team from 1998 to 2006 (40 caps, 2 goals).

The flag of Adana Demirspor (photo, photo) is horizontally divided dark blue-light blue with the club's emblem in the middle. The wings are taken from the emblem of the Turkish Railways.


Adana Demirspor supporter's flag - Image by Ivan Sache, 7 November 2016

The club's supporters use the same flag, without the emblem (photo).

Ivan Sache, 7 November 2016