Last modified: 2016-10-26 by ivan sache
Keywords: polatlı |
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Flag of Polatlı - Image by Jens Pattke, 3 March 2013
The municipality of Polatlı (119,349 inhabitants in 2012, 101,012 in the town proper; 34,658 ha) is located 80 km west of Ankara.
Ivan Sache, 9 March 2016
The flag of Polatlı is white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of the municipality features the Duatepe Martyrs' Monument (photo).
Erected on the crest of Duatepe, the most prominent hill north of the town, the monument is consisting of two long rows of marble columns of increasing height. The site is of great historical significance, since Duatepe was the first hill to be retaken by counterattacking Turkish troops during the battle of Sakarya, fought for 21 days in August-September 1921. The Turkish victory stopped the advance of the Greek army on the new Turkish capital, Ankara.
The wheat spikes recalls that Polatlı is one of the main grain producing and trading areas in Turkey. Grain trade is organized in community exchanges. Quoting David McKee (Turkish Grain Board restructuring, 5 March 2012):
TMO (Turkish Grain Board, a semi-autonomous state enterprise under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) holds a 48% ownership in a network of about 100 grain commodity exchanges around the country that account for a significant share of farm-gate sales. Twenty of these exchange are large scale and modern with high trading volumes. For example, the exchange in Polatlı has 330 trader members with access to the trading floor. Average daily volumes after harvest are 8,000 to 9,000 tonnes, much of it in lots of 20 tonnes or less. Annual volume is about 1 million tonnes.
Farmers bring their wheat to the exchange in trailers and trucks where it is weighed while a probe automatically sends a sample in a pneumatic tube to the laboratory for immediate analysis. The quality data and weight of each lot appear on a large screen on the trading floor where traders place their bids. The farmer seated in the gallery watches as his yearly harvest is sold in a completely transparent fashion.
TMO does not operate these commodity exchanges, but it does place an employee at each one. If trading prices fall below a certain unannounced target level determined by TMO as necessary to keep markets stable, the TMO representative will declare the intervention procurement price and begin purchasing from producers. To stay in the market, traders must buy at this price as well.
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 9 March 2016