Last modified: 2016-10-23 by ivan sache
Keywords: mudanya |
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Flag of Mudanya - Image by Jens Pattke, 8 December 2012
The municipality of Mudanya (75,344 inhabitants in 2012, 56,153 in the town proper; 33,372 ha) is located on the Marmara Sea, on the southern shore of the Gulf of Gemlik.
After the Treaty of Lausanne and the Greco-Turkish population exchange agreement, the Greeks of the town were transferred into mainland Greece, establishing a settlement to which they gave the name of their previous town, Nea Moudania.
Ivan Sache, 6 March 2016
The flag of Mudanya (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of the municipality features a two-sheet document representing the Armistice of Mudanya. Quoting the website of the Inönü Foundation:
On the morning of 11 October 1922 at 6 o’clock, the Military Convention of Mudanya was signed and started to be in effect beginning on October 14-15 in 1922. The Military Convention of Mudanya (Convention Militaire) was comprised of 14 articles. According to this document, the conflict between Turkish-Greek forces ended. The Greeks were to evacuate Thrace within 15 days. 8.000 Turkish gendarme including civil service officers were to acquire Thrace. The cession of the authority was to occur within 30 days. In order to supervise the evacuation and rendition, an Allied unit of seven battalions was to take charge. Within 30 days after the submission was over, they were to leave this area. West Coast of Maritsa River and Karaağaç were to stay under the invasion of the Allied powers until a treaty was signed. The straits and İstanbul were to be submitted to our civil administration, but the Allied powers could stay in İstanbul and straits until peacemaking on condition that they kept the number of forces same. Until peacemaking, the Turkish forces could not pass the line between Çanakkale Strait and İzmir and could not deploy armed forces in Thrace. The Greek representative felt obliged to assert to the conditions of the convention. Upon signing the convention, Mustafa Kemal Pasha thanked General Harrington and sent celebration telegrams to the Defense of the National Rights group and municipalities.
As Professor Şerafettin Turan emphasized, the Armistice of Mudanya Treaty brought an end to the ongoing conflict since 1911 and saved the country from an invasion and provided the deliverance of İstanbul to the rule of Turkish government. We must accept the fact that the Armistice of Mudanya Treaty was not just an ordinary pact. It bears political elements; therefore, it has an international significance as well.
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 6 March 2016
Flag of Zeytinbağı - Image by Jens Pattke, 9 June 2015
The flag of Zeytinbağı was white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
Tomislav Šipek, 14 June 2013