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Pamukkale (District Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2016-10-26 by ivan sache
Keywords: pamukkale |
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[Municipality flag]         [Municipality flag]

Flag of Pamukkale, current and former versions - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 10 March 2015

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Presentation of Pamukkale

The municipality of Pamukkale (311,496 inhabitants in 2013) is made of the former central district of Denizli, renamed Pammukale when Denizli was made a Metropolitan Municipality.

Ivan Sache, 9 March 2016

Flag of Pamukkale

The flag of Pamukkale (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The former flag of Pammukale was white with the municipality's former emblem.

The emblem of the municipality features the Denizli chicken (presentation), also represented on the emblems of the Denizli Province and of the Metropolitan Municipality of Denizli.
The Denizli chicken is classified by the Poultry Club among the "Rare Long Crowers". Chicken breeding appears to be quite ancient in Denizli; excavations performed in 2003 in the old town of Laodicea yielded a marble relief, 900 years old, featuring a fighting rooster crowned with a palm (Hürriyet Daily News, 18 May 2013).

The rooster stands on a representation of the local landscape, which was much more explicit in the former emblem of the municipality. The rooster was added to the new emblem to reflect the new status of the municipality of Pammukale.
The site of Hierapolis-Pamukkale was inscribed in 1988 on the UNESCO's World Heritage List, with the following description:

Calcite-laden waters from hot springs, emerging from a cliff almost 200 metres high overlooking the plain, have created a visually stunning landscape at Pamukkale. These mineralized waters have generated a series of petrified waterfalls, stalactites and pools with step-like terraces, some of which are less than a meter in height while others are as high as six meters. Fresh deposits of calcium carbonate give these formations a dazzling white coating. The Turkish name Pamukkale, meaning “cotton castle”, is derived from this striking landscape.

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 9 March 2016

Former district municipality of Denizli

[Municipality flag]

Flag of Denizli - Image by Jens Pattke, 4 October 2012

The former flag of Denizli was white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

Tomislav Šipek, 3 October 2012

Former municipalities


[Municipality flag]

Flag of Pınarkent - Image by Jens Pattke, 6 June 20152

The flag of Pınarkent (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".

Tomislav Šipek, 4 June 2013