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Colombia - Political Flags - Part I

Last modified: 2017-09-29 by zoltán horváth
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Editorial Remark: It must be noted that all the opinions are of the authors and not of FOTW. Our site is non-political and concentrates only on vexillological issues.


See also:


Peace Flags

AUC


image by Eugene Ipavec, 11 April 2006

I came across this image during a ceremony of the Peace Process between the Colombian Government and the AUC (biggest union of paramilitary groups in Colombia).
The image is a green ribbon in the middle (meaning peace) on a white background. This image was seen during a demobilization of AUC troops, especifically in one of the ceremonies of the many subfactions that are part of the ACBCB - Autodefensas Campesinas - Bloque Central Bolívar.
Source: www.terra.com.co
E.R., 11 April 2006

ELN


image by Eugene Ipavec, 14 September 2007

There are current conversations between the Colombian government and the ELN guerrilla in order to try to get to a negotiation point that will lead to a peace deal. During these talks, the Eln has been granted a safe house (authorized by the Government) to hear different opinions from different sectors and have a more constructive dialogue towards the negotiations. This place is called Casa de Paz (Peace House).
During these talks I have seen a flag displayed.
Source: Casa de Paz official website.
E.R., 14 September 2007


Traditional Political Parties - The Liberal Party and The Conservative Party

Both were founded in 1848, the Partido Liberal Colombiano - Liberal Party's traditional color is red, and the Partido Conservador Colombiano - Conservative Party's traditional color is blue. They've shared power for most of the XIX and XX centuries, a famous joke says that the true meaning of the Colombian flag is: Yellow for our riches, blue and red for those that distribute them among themselves. The "L" and "C" were adopted as "official logos" and featured in the flags.
Jaime Vengoechea, 10 Febuary 2003

Partido Liberal Colombiano


image by Eugene Ipavec, 7 September 2006


image by Eugene Ipavec, 7 September 2006

The official website of the PLC (Partido Liberal Colombiano, Colombian Liberal Party) is www.partidoliberal.org.co.
The explanation of the symbols (taken form the official website): "The red color, as interpretation of love, fraternity and tolerance, is the standard of the Colombian Liberal Party and it will go together with the current symbol and also with the International Socialist, to which is affiliated".
E.R., 30 May 2005

The Liberal party of Colombia seems to use a plain red flag, which appears in their site header. Though partially furled, it does not seem to contain a white capital "L".
No mention is made of a party flag on its "Symbols" page. The "L" is only listed as the party logo.
Eugene Ipavec, 7 September 2006

Partido Conservador Colombiano


image by Eugene Ipavec, 7 September 2006

The official website of the Partido Conservador Colombiano (Colombian Conservative Party) is www.partidoconservador.com.
E.R., 30 May 2005

The Conservative party of Colombia has no clear photo or description of their flag on their website, but a statute in the party constitution mentions it:
"ARTÍCULO 5.- El color del Partido Conservador es el azul. El emblema, símbolos, himno y bandera adoptados como distintivos del Partido están debidamente registrados en el Consejo Nacional Electoral".
There is also a tiny photo of it flying in front of the party HQ at partidoconservador.org. The shade of blue seems to be the same as that of the national flag right next to it.
Eugene Ipavec, 7 September 2006


AICO (Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia - Colombian Idigenous Authorities)


logo
image from official website

The Movimiento AICO (Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia), or Colombian Idigenous Authorities. With the establishment of the CRIC, the Guambiano or Misak tribe got some representation and a movement to stand up for their rights. However in 1980 the Guambiano people left the CRIC because they thought the CRIC was merely a buisness-related organization, and too far from the native community it said it represented. That is when the AISO (Autoridades Indígenas del Suroccidente de Colombia), or South West Colombian Indigenous Authorities is established. Then in 1987, together with the Cabildo Indígena Pasto, Cabildo Indígena Camsá and Confederación Indígena Tairona they established the Movimiento AICO for the "political, economic and social ecological reconstruction and recovering of the proper cultural values of the native peoples. It has has nationwide representation at Department and City levels, at different governmental branches.
Source: official website.
E.R., 12 November 2007


ALAS (Team Colombia - Equipo Colombia)


logo
image from Medellin Mayor election card

The Movimiento ALAS-Equipo Colombia (lit. WINGS - Team Colombia) is a center-right Party which is a merger between two already existing political parties: ALAS and Equipo Colombia. ALAS (lit. WINGS) stands for Alternativa Liberal de Avanzada Social (Advanced Social Liberal Alternative) and Equipo Colombia (Team Colombia). ALAS emerged in the late 1990's as an internal group within the Liberal Party, with representation in Congress only for the Department of Cesar. However in 2005 ALAS broke away from the Liberal Party and started to join forces with the Equipo Colombia Movement officially on December 14, 2005. Equipo Colombia on the other hand, was a political movement established back in 1992 in the Department of Antioquia under the name Equipo Unionista, most of them coming from the Conservative Party. The  Movimiento ALAS-Equipo Colombia has local and national representation at various levels.
Sources: Spanish wikipedia, official website, Medellin Mayor election card.


Black Flags Libertarian Coordination (CLBN - Coordinadora Libertaria Banderas Negras)


flag
image by Dov Gutterman, 7 September 2007


logo
image contributed by Jaumé Ollé

CLBN - Coordinadora Libertaria Banderas Negras (Black Flags Libertarian Coordination), is an anarchist movement established in 2001.
E.R., 2 September 2007


Bolivarian Movement for the New Colombia (Movimiento Bolivariano para la Nueva Colombia)


image by Guillermo Aveledo, 30 November 2000


image by Guillermo Aveledo and Eugene Ipavec, 8 June 2006

Here's the flag of the Movimiento Bolivariano para la Nueva Colombia (Bolivarian Movement for the New Colombia), what has been instituted as the political wing of the Revolutionary Armed Force of Colombia - People's Army (FARC-EP), and founded early this year.
The flag is a typical Colombian tricolor, with a portrait of Simon Bolivar (in black and white and certain shades of grey) centered on it. The portrait used is a reproduction of the famous (and supposedly more accurate) portrait of Bolivar engraved by French artist Francois Desire Roulin (1796-1874) at Bogota dated February 15th, 1828.
Oddly enough, it seems an unbecomig choice for a revolutionary party/army: by 1828 Bolivar was serving as dictator of Colombia (then the Great Colombia; the union of Nueva Granada, Quito and Venezuela), allied with conservative and clerical groups who were interested in the union of the republics and, willing to support Bolivar, played for the predominance of Bogota in such an union. The rest is history. Perhaps this paradox is explained by the fact that, in the actual portrait, Bolivar faces rightwards, and not leftwards, as is used by the FARC-EP.
Guillermo Aveledo, 30 November 2000

The flag size should be the same as the Colombian one and the face of Simón Bolívar should be on yellow background instead of white, and looking towards the right, and not look towards the left.
It is based upon a Photo taken on August 29, 2000, during the launching of the illegal movement by the Farc at www.sedoparking.com.
The event is the official launching of the Bolivarian Movement for the New Colombia (Movimiento Bolivariano para la Nueva Colombia) during the failed Peace Process between the Colombian Government and this guerrilla group, during the period of 1998-2002. This act was carried out in the town of San Vicente del Caguán, a Municipality of the Department of Caquetá which was part of a Demilitarized Zone that the Government voluntarily gave to this guerrilla in order to provide security and trust to conduct the Peace Process.
E.R., 4 and 8 June 2006


Bolivarian Socialist Movement (Movimiento Socialista Bolivariano)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 14 january 2010

Movimiento Socialista Bolivariano (Bolivarian Socialist Movement) is a communist movement established in Colombia first in bordering cities with Venezuela and inspired by Venezuela's current government headed by Hugo Chávez. It is a movement, not a recognized political party in Colombia yet.
The flag is a red/black horizontal flag with the letters M.S.B. in the middle in white, pretty much inspired by the Cuban 26 de Julio movement since Chávez himself has said that his political inspirator is Fidel Castro.
The movement was established in 2007 and the flag is seen in many websites such as www.asiescucuta.com, www.radiomundial.com.ve, cucuta-politica.blogspot.com; etc.
Source: www.eltiempo.com>.
E.R., 14 january 2010


Center Option Party (Partido Opción Centro)


image from Medellin electoral card

The Partido Opción Centro (Center Option) - The Party was established on November 25, 2005, in the city of Bogota, with the participation of delegates from 19 Departments, gathering people who wanted to represent the political option for peace and reconciliation (center) and the green environmental issues as well (a non-existing political option at the time in Colombia). It currently has representation in two Departments and several other cities nationwide.
Sources: Medellin electoral card, official website.
E.R., 22 November 2007


Citizen Option (Opción Ciudadana)


image contributed by Zoltan Horvath, 06 August 2015

The political movement currently called Opción Ciudadana (Citizen Option) first appeared as Partido Convergencia Ciudadana (Citizen Convergence Party) (official website: <http://www.convergencia.org.co/> , broken link) established on July 24, 1997. Then on November 9, 2009 the party changed its name to PIN (Partido de Integración Nacional, National Integration Party) (official websites: <http://www.partidopin.org/> and <http://www.partidopin.com/> , broken links). Then it changed its name again to its current version on 2013.
Sources: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partido_Convergencia_Ciudadana
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Integration_Party_(Colombia)
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opci%C3%B3n_Ciudadana
The party's statutes mentions the logo and the flag (pages 9 and 10). PIN's logo and corporate identity manual is seen here.
Opción Ciudadana's logo and corporate identity manual is seen here  and here.
The flag of Opción Ciudadana is seen here and here (a horizontal white flag featuring this alternative logo.
Source: http://www.partidoopcionciudadana.com/portal/index.php/multimedia-y-descagas/fotos
The official logo is seen here.
For additional information go to: Opción Ciudadana (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 06 August 2015

I haven't found any image about its current flag (if any), but flag of Partido de Integración Nacional (PIN) is shown on pictures you linked. They were taken during party 2013 congress, probably before renaming the party, that's why PIN flag is shown. There is a picture about this flag with better visibility.
Zoltan Horvath, 06 August 2015

Indeed the picture you mention is the PIN flag. The issue is that the links I sent regarding the pictures and here in my opinion, are pictures of the flag of Opción Ciudadana, what do you think? Or maybe I got the wrong impression?
Esteban Rivera, 06 August 2015

These pictures were taken during the same event in 2013, and you can see the whole photoset. Left side of red letter P of part of party logo (behind the lady's head) can be seen on picture you linked. I'm quite sure it's flag of PIN (or previous) party flag.
New party flag could be also white but with new phoenix emblem and slogan as it was introduced in visual identity document, but I haven't found any visual evidence of it.
Zoltan Horvath, 06 August 2015


Civilian Christian Committment with the Community Movement (Movimiento Compromiso Civico Cristiano con la Comunidad)


image contributed by E.R., 16 June 2005

There is a political movement in Colombia called "Movimiento Compromiso Civico Cristiano con la Comunidad" (Civilian Christian Committment with the Community Movement) which is abbreviated as PC4, which stands for Partido C4 (or C4 Party). It currently has one seat in Colombia's Senate. Its official website is www.pc4.org.
E.R., 16 June 2005

Speaking of the PC4 party (which according to the new law is not a valid political party anymore because it did not achieve enough votes in the 2006 elections), the image featured on the website is the flag, but actually it should have the same ratio as most standard flags.
E.R., 12 August 2007


Colombian Clandestine Communist Party (Partido Comunista Colombiano Clandestino)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 27 May 2006

There is a flag on plain red background, resembling the same colors as the Partido Comunista Colombiano (Colombian Communist Party). This flag is the flag of the PCCC, which stands for Partido Comunista Colombiano Clandestino (Colombian Clandestine Communist Party), an organization that runs parallel to Movimiento Bolivariano para la Nueva Colombia (Bolivarian Movement for the New Colombia). This PCCC organization is an organization created by the FARC in order to replace the original PCC (Colombian Communist Party) because the Farc believes that the PCC is not radical enough and does not consider armed struggle to reach power. The flag is, as I mentioned before, a plain rectangular red flag, with the letters PCCC in black on the flag in diagonal form starting from the bottom left and ending on the top right, on the top right having a yellow hammer and sickle.
Sources: Resistencia - Farc online magazine at redresistencia.org. ANNCOL - Farc news website at www.anncol.org. Semana magazine edition October 1, 2001, page 52.
E.R., 27 May 2006

Unusual in a communist flag for the emblem to be in the fly.
Eugene Ipavec, 27 May 2006

Variant


image by Eugene Ipavec, 30 May 2006

I found a variant of the flag of the PCCC. This time the letters appear in white, plus the hammer and sickle (also in white). Background is plain red and the design resembles pretty much the flag of the PCC.
Source: www.anncol.org.
E.R., 30 May 2006