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Yugra (Russia)

Khanty–Mansiyskiy Autonomous Okrug

Last modified: 2014-06-07 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: Югра | Ûgra | yugra | khanty | mansi | ostyak | vogul | doubt | crown: antler | antler | law | vertical |
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Югра / Ханты-Мансийский автономный округ

Khanty-Mansi flag
image by Nikolay Khimenkov and António Martins, 18 Mar 2000
See also: Other sites:
  • Symbols page at the local official website
    István Molnár, 04 Dec 2001

Presentation of Yugra

(Note: You need an Unicode-aware software and font to correctely view the cyrillic text on this page. See here transliteration details).

  • Name (english): Yugra • (russian, short form): Югра | Ûugra • (local, short form): Югра | Ûgra • (russian, long form): Ханты-Мансийский автономный округ | Qanty-Mansiĭskiĭ avtonomnyĭ okrug
  • Local official languages: Khanti (a.k.a. Ostiac) and Mansi (a.k.a. Vogulian)
  • Capital (russian): Ханты-Мансийск | Qanty-Mansiĭsk • (english): Khanty-Mansiysk
  • Area: 523 100 km2 (≅201 900 sq.mi.) • Population: 1 387 900 inhabitants in 2000
  • Status: Autonomous District (автономный округ | avtonomnyĭ okrug) within Tyumen Region
  • Federal District: Ural • Economic region: West Siberia
  • License plate code: 86 • Ham radio code: HM • ISO 3166-2 code: KHM
  • Flag adopted on 1995.12.06 • Coat of arms adopted on 1995.09.14

This region for the Khanty and Mansi peoples (who are also known as the Ostyak and the Vogul) was established in 1930.
Stuart Notholt, 26 Sep 1995

The name change from "Ostâk-Vogul" to "Qanty-Mansi" ocurred in 1940.10.23. Tyumen Region (including Yugra and Yamal) was detached from Omsk Region in 1944.08.14.
António Martins, 18 Mar 2000


Description of the flag

The white element at the upper hoist is a highly stylized crown, I believe. The same appears in the Tyumen Region flag.
António Martins, 18 Mar 2000

The law says that the flag is a «rectangular field with a rectangular projection in the fly». Very strange form.
Victor Lomantsov, 16 Mar 2000

Isn’t this just a particularly unskillful description of the current design?
António Martins, 18 Mar 2000

The law says that the «Distance from hoist to the centre of emblem : whole length = 3:4». I think it is a misprint, probably must be 1:4.
Victor Lomantsov, 16 Mar 2000

I think you’re right: 3:4 would put the emblem in the upper fly…
António Martins, 18 Mar 2000


Flag of 1995.09.14-12.06

old Khanty-Mansi flag
image by Nikolay Khimenkov and António Martins, 18 Mar 2000

According to the law approved in 1995.09.20. The proportions of the symbol were different (it changed from 1/4th to 1/5th of the height).
António Martins, 18 Mar 2000

Variant for vertical hoisting

vertical Khanty-Mansi flag by Nikolay Khimenkov and António Martins, 18 Mar 2000

Law #8 says «If the flag hoisted vertically the emblem may be placed across the line of division. The blue-azure stripe is left and green stripe is right.».
Victor Lomantsov, 16 Mar 2000

An interesting detail — and, as far as I know, unique in russian flag laws.
António Martins, 18 Mar 2000

Law #14-OZ says nothing about vertical hoisting.
Victor Lomantsov, 16 Mar 2000

Does this mean that the vertical hoist variant is not legal anymore, or was it simply forgotten when they made the new law? Or does the new law simply adds to, or corrects, the previous law — meaning that what’s unchanged remains valid?
António Martins, 01 Jun 2001



Law texts

Law of 1995.09

Flag and coat of arms of Khanty-Mansi authonomous district were adopted with Law #8 “on coat of arms and Flag”, adopted by Duma (regional parliament) on September 14th, 1995; District Governor A. Filipenko confirmed the Law on September 20th, 1995. My translation:

Article 8

The flag of Khanty-Mansi authonomous district is rectangular field with the rectangular projection in the fly. The field is divided horizontally in blue-azure (above) and green (below) equal stripes. The fly part (fly selvage) of the flag is bordered with white stripe. There is a white element of coat of arms in the canton.
  • Height : whole length (with the projection ) = 1:2;
  • Length of projection : whole length = 1:10;
  • Width of white stripe : whole length = 1:20;
  • Distance from hoist to the centre of emblem : whole length = 3:4;
  • Length of emblem : whole length = 11:40;
  • Height of the emblem : whole length = 1:8.
If the flag hoisted vertically the emblem may be placed across the line of division. The blue-azure stripe is left and green stripe is right.
Victor Lomantsov, 16 Mar 2000

Law of 1995.12

Khanty-Mansi flag, constr. sheet
image by Nikolay Khimenkov and António Martins, 16 Feb 2001

Law #14-OZ “on changes to Law on coat of arms and Flag”. This law was adopted by Duma on 29 november 1995, Governor confirmed the Law on 6 december 1995. It changes the article 8 of the previous law; my translation:

Article 8

The flag of Khanty-Mansi autonomous district is rectangular field. The field is divided horizontally in blue-azure (above) and green (below) equal stripes. The fly part (fly edge) of the flag is bordered with white stripe. There is a white element of coat of arms in the canton.
  • Height : whole length = 1:2;
  • Width of white stripe : whole length = 1:20;
  • Distance from top to the centre of emblem : whole length = 1:10
  • Length of emblem : whole length= 1:4;
  • Height of the emblem : whole length= 1:10;
  • thickness of lines in the emblem : whole length= 1:40.
Nothing about vertical hoisting, nothing about “projection” in this Law. The proportions are new.
Victor Lomantsov, 16 Mar 2000

Law of 1998.02

Law #10-OZ “on changes to Law on coat of arms and Flag”. This law adopted by Duma on 23 january 1998, Governor confirmed the Law on 10 february 1998. Several small and not-important changes in the text.
Victor Lomantsov, 16 Mar 2000


Previous flag?

Old Khanty-Mansi flag
image by Stuart Notholt, 26 Sep 1995

According to the Flags of Aspirant Peoples [eba94] poster produced by the Flag Society of Australia, the region flies a white flag with a thin green stripe at the bottom.
Stuart Notholt, 26 Sep 1995

This flag is listed under number 118 at the chart Flags of Aspirant Peoples [eba94] as: «Khantu-Mansi (Khanti & Mansi [Ostyaks & Vogols]) - West Siberia».
Ivan Sache, 15 Sep 1999

The white-green flag is doubtful. I think it is a fiction.
Victor Lomantsov, 16 Mar 2000


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