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Bashkiria in the Soviet Union

Last modified: 2014-04-05 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: bashkiria | bashkortostan | hammer and sickle (golden) | star: 5 points (fimbriated) | baŝkirskaâ assr | baŝk̂ort assr-y |
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later flag of Bashkiria
image by Victor Lomantsov and Mark Sensen, 21 Oct 2000
See also:

Flag of 1926-1937

1926 flag of Bashkiria
image by António Martins, 08 Oct 2000

This is the flag of the autonomous republic established in 1919 or 20 but adopted near 1926.
Jaume Ollé, 02 Nov 1996

Bashkiria is an autonomy of RSFSR since 1919. (In 1920ths many autonomous republics in RSFSR did not use the word "autonomous" in their names. But they were really autonomous (not independent, not “full status republics”). These republics until 1930ths used the names SSR. Later, the “standard form” of the state name was introduced: ASSR for autonomies, SSR for “full republics”.)
Victor Lomantsov, 21 Oct 2000


Flag of 1937-1940

1937 flag of Bashkiria
image by Victor Lomantsov, 21 Oct 2000

This flag was adopted in 1937.
Jaume Ollé, 02 Nov 1996

In 1937, when new flag was adopted, the bashkirian language used latin alphabet (not cyrillic).
Victor Lomantsov, 21 Oct 2000

I suppose the underscored "S" is a specific diacritical of the bashkirian latin alphabet, not a surogate for something else (a cedilla, like in turkish, perhaps?).
António Martins, 24 Oct 2000


Flag of 1940-1954

1940 flag of Bashkiria
image by Victor Lomantsov, 21 Oct 2000

The bashkir orthography was recoded into the cyrillic alphabet in 1940 (according to З. Г. Ураксин: Русско-Башкирский Разговорник. Уфа, 1984: Баш-ское Книжное Издательство) — therefore the new flag, with cyrillic inscriptions, should date from this time.
António Martins, 01 Jun 2001

The cyrillic letter "k" in bashkirian language is not identical to russian one — actually, the Bashkirian language has two "k"s:

  • "К" analogous to russian (or latin) "k";
  • "Ҡ" letter that means "kh", but looks like russian "k" with a small horizontal line on the top of the left vertical. This letter is fourth in the word "bashkort-".
Victor Lomantsov, 21 Oct 2000


Flag of 1954-?

1954 flag of Bashkiria
image by Victor Lomantsov and Mark Sensen, 21 Oct 2000

Flag of Bashkirian ASSR since 1954 or 1956 to 1992 (flag regulations adopted in 1956). Before the 1970ths the name of the state in baskirian language was "BASHKORTOSTAN ASSR".
Victor Lomantsov, 21 Oct 2000


Flag of ?-1991

later flag of Bashkiria
image by Victor Lomantsov and Mark Sensen, 21 Oct 2000

After the 1970ths the name was "BASHKORT ASSR-y" (in cyrillic) and in 1954-≅1970 with "BASHKORTOSTAN ASSR". 1970 is a very approximate date. I saw the name "BASHKORTOSTAN ASSR" on books published in 1942 and 1947, and the name "BASHKORT ASSR-y" in 1972… What name was in ≅1946-1972 is a big mystery for me. I don’t know about flags in that period.
Victor Lomantsov, 25 Oct 2000


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