Last modified: 2017-09-16 by ivan sache
Keywords: nevşehir | göreme | sulusaray | uçhisar |
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Flag of Nevşehir - Image by Jens Pattke, 9 November 2012
The flag of Nevşehir is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
Tomislav Šipek, 9 November 2012
Flag of Göreme - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 19 June 2015
The municipality of Göreme is located 10 km of Nevsehir. The old names for Göreme are Korama, Matiana, Maccan and Avcilar. Göreme was referred to as Korama in the earliest known written document, dating from the 6th century. It is therefore believed that is the oldest name given to the place. In that same document, it is said that St Hieron was born in Korama at the end of the 3rd century, was martyred in Melitene (modern day Malatya) with his 30 friends, and his hand was cut off and sent to his mother in Korama.
It is believed that Göreme and its surroundings were used as a necropolis by the people of Vanessa (Avanos) in the Roman periods. Both the monumental twin pillared Roman tomb hollowed out into a fairy chimney in the center of Göreme and the presence of numerous tombs in the vicinity support this idea. Göreme, an important Christian centre in the early years of the Middle Ages, was a bishopric administered by Mokissos near Aksaray between the 11th and 13th centuries. Despite the vast number of monasteries, churches and chapels in the vicinity of Göreme, there are not many inscriptions bearing dates. For this reason, these religious buildings are mainly dated according to the iconography or architectural features.
The flag of Göreme (photo, photo) is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of the municipality features the Göreme chimney fairs, among the most famous in Cappadocia, and an hot air balloon.
The Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia were inscribed in 1985 on the UNESCO's World Heritage List, with the following presentation:
Located on the central Anatolia plateau within a volcanic landscape sculpted by erosion to form a succession of mountain ridges, valleys and pinnacles known as "fairy chimneys"; or hoodoos, Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia cover the region between the cities of Nevşehir, Ürgüp and Avanos, the sites of Karain, Karlık, Yeşilöz, Soğanlı and the subterranean cities of Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu. The area is bounded on the south and east by ranges of extinct volcanoes with Erciyes Dağ (3916 m) at one end and Hasan Dağ (3253 m) at the other. The density of its rock-hewn cells, churches, troglodyte villages and subterranean cities within the rock formations make it one of the world's most striking and largest cave-dwelling complexes. Though interesting from a geological and ethnological point of view, the incomparable beauty of the decor of the Christian sanctuaries makes Cappadocia one of the leading examples of the post-iconoclastic Byzantine art period.
It is believed that the first signs of monastic activity in Cappadocia date back to the 4th century at which time small anchorite communities, acting on the teachings of Basileios the Great, Bishop of Kayseri, began inhabiting cells hewn in the rock. In later periods, in order to resist Arab invasions, they began banding together into troglodyte villages or subterranean towns such as Kaymakli or Derinkuyu which served as places of refuge.
Cappadocian monasticism was already well established in the iconoclastic period (725-842) as illustrated by the decoration of many sanctuaries which kept a strict minimum of symbols (most often sculpted or tempera painted crosses). However, after 842 many rupestral churches were dug in Cappadocia and richly decorated with brightly coloured figurative painting. Those in the Göreme Valley include Tokalı Kilise and El Nazar Kilise (10th century), St. Barbara Kilise and Saklı Kilise (11th century) and Elmalı Kilise and Karanlık Kilise (end of the 12th – beginning of the 13th century).
Cappadocia is known around the world as one of the best places to fly with hot air balloons. The spectacular surrealistic landscapes combined with excellent flying conditions allow the balloons to gently drift over and between fairy chimneys, pigeon houses hewn into the unique rock formations, orchards and vineyards through impressive valleys, each with distinctive rock formations, colors and features and then float up over rippled ravines for breathtaking views over the region.
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 25 March 2016
Flag of Sulusaray - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 29 September 2015
The flag of Sulusaray (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
Tomislav Šipek, 29 September 2015
Flag of Uçhisar - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 19 June 2015
The municipality of Uçhisar (3,820 inhabitants in 2009) is located 10 km of Nevşehir, Ürgüp and Avanos.
The flag of Uçhisar is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediye Başkanlığı" means "Municipality Presidency".
The emblem of the municipality features the Kale (lit., castle) rock.
Uçhisar is famous for the huge rock formation once used as a fortification. This extraordinary rock is the highest peak in the region (1,300 m) and offers a magnificent panoramic view of the whole of Cappadocia with Mt. Erciyes in the distance. The citadel, carved out and tunneled by the cave-dwellers of the past, and concealed from view and used for defense purposes, has now been destroyed by erosion, revealing the inner honeycombed architecture. A secret tunnel from the castle to the riverbed 100 m below, hewn out in order to provide the water supply in the event of siege, has been recently discovered.
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 25 March 2016