Last modified: 2016-10-29 by ivan sache
Keywords: turhal |
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Flag of Turhal - Image by Jens Pattke, 3 March 2013
The municipality of Turhal (85,923 inhabitants in 2012, 63,600 in the town proper; 10,214 ha) is located 50 km west of Tokat.
Ivan Sache, 13 March 2016
The flag of Turhal (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of the municipality features a sugarbeet and a factory, and a river, representing river Yeşil Irmak (Green River; 519 km).
The Turhal sugar refinery is one of the 25 public sugar factories in Turkey. The Republic of Turkey prioritised agriculture and agricultural products industry in state economic development. In 1926 sugar factories in Uşak and Alpullu was founded by promotion laws. With later founded sugar factories of Eskişehir and Turhal, Turkey became able to produce the needed sugar. In 1926 Sugar Monopoly Administration was founded, thus state monopoly over sugar was established. In 1930s the fact that sugar prices decreased in world markets, but increased in Turkey, caused public reactions. Government invited Doctor Gustav Mikusch, the chief of Vienna International Sugar Statistics Union, and asked him to write a report on sugar production and its problems. With the regulation made in 1935, Turkish Sugar Industries Inc. Co. was founded and all sugar factories in the country became state-controlled.
[M. Karayaman. The sugar industry and its policies during Atatürk’s era]
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 13 March 2016