- CROSS OF ANJOU
- See ‘cross of Lorraine’.
Flag and Arms of Sarreguemines, France (fotw &
- CROSS OF ATHLETICS
- The term, and a colloquial translation of the German “turnerkreuz”, which may be used
to describe a cross formed from four capital letter F's and is thus voided – an athletics'
or athletic cross
(see also ‘cross 1)’,
‘cross-voided’ and ‘voided’).
Flag of the Albis Steam Shipping Company 1897, Germany; Flag of the
Darmstádter Turngemeinde 1844, Germany; Flag of the
Ditmarsia Kiel Rowing Club, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider)
- CROSS OF AVIS
- See ‘avis cross’.
Putative Banner of Arms of the Avis Order, Portugal (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Alandroal, Portugal (ICH & fotw)
- CROSS OF BURGUNDY
- See ‘ragged cross’.
Spanish Infantry Colour c1600 (fotw)
- CROSS OF CALATRAVA
- A symbol of the Spanish Order of Calatrava and a particularly Hispanic form of the cross fleury - an Iberian cross – see
(see also ‘avis cross’).
Flag and Arms of Almagro, Spain (fotw & ICH); Flag and Arms of
Malagón, Spain (fotw & ICH)
- CROSS OF CALVARY (or CROSS OF CRUCIFIXION)
- The heraldic term for a (normally but not exclusively) Latin cross that does not usually (although it may) extend to the edges of a shield, flag, panel or flag, but which is mounted on three steps – a cross of crucifixion,
Calvary cross or Calvary
- see ‘Latin cross’.
Cross of Calvary Example; Flag of Geraardsbergen, Belgium (fotw); Flag of
Fulleda, Spain (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Madalena, Portugal (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Alreiro, Portugal (Antonio Martins)
- CROSS OF EIGHT POINTS
- 1) See ‘Maltese cross’.
2) The term that may also (and more accurately) be used when a cross of the Maltese pattern does not have four points meeting in the centre – see
‘Maltese cross’ as referenced above.
Arms and Flag of Poiares e Canelas, Portugal (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Portel, Portugal (fotw)
Please note that definition 2) has been introduced by the Editors to cover a previously undefined category.
- CROSS OF LORRAINE
- A cross in which two horizontal arms cross the vertical arm, and currently
seen on the arms and alternative national flag of Hungary, the arms and
national flag of Slovakia plus the arms and state flag of Lithuania ¬ a cross
patriarchal, patriarchal cross, archiepiscopal cross or cross of Anjou, a
double or double-armed cross, Jagiellonian cross or Vytis cross (see also
‘national flag 1)’
‘one-and-a-half armed cross’,
‘two-and-a-half armed cross’ and
‘state flag 1)’).
From left: The Flag of Free France 1940-44; The National Flag and Arms of Slovakia; The
State Flag and Arms of Hungary (fotw)
Please note that the terms cross of Lorraine, cross of Anjou, cross
patriarchal and archiepiscopal cross are now considered interchangeable, however, in strict usage
the crosses of Lorraine and Anjou (unlike the others) should both have horizontal arms of equal
length. see supplemental note
Cross of Lorraine According to Strict Usage
- CROSS OF PISA
- A variation of the cross clechee, and (as far as can be discovered) unique to Pisa, which has a white (or argent), twelve-pointed cross with a roundel of the same colour placed at each of those points – compare with
‘occitan cross’ (see also ‘cross 2)’,
‘cross clechée’ and ‘roundel 2)’).
Flag of Pisa, Italy (fotw)
- CROSS OF ST ANDREW
- See ‘St Andrew’s Cross’
National Flag of Scotland (fotw)
- CROSS OF ST ANTHONY
- In heraldry see ‘cross tau’.
Arms and Flag of St. Antönien-Ascharina, Switzerland (Wikipedia
- CROSS OF ST GEORGE
- See ‘St George’s Cross’
Flag of England (fotw)
- CROSS OF ST JAMES
- See ‘cross of Santiago’.
Flag and Arms of Algorfa, Spain (fotw)
- CROSS OF ST PATRICK
- See ‘St Patrick’s Cross’
- CROSS OF SANTIAGO
- The sword-like cross of the Spanish/Portuguese Order of St James – a cross fleury fitchy
– see ‘cross fitchy’ and ‘cross fleury’.
- CROSS OF THE ORDER OF ST JAMES
- See ‘Cross of Santiago’
Flag and Arms of Ferreira do Alentejo, Portugal (fotw)
- CROSS OF THE ORDER OF SANTO DOMINGO (or CROSS OF THE ORDER OF ST DOMINIC)
- See ‘Dominican cross’.
Putative Dominican Banner of Arms (fotw); Flag of
Aldeanueva de Santa Cruz, Spain (fotw)
- CROSS OF THE ORDER OF THE KNIGHTS OF CHRIST (CROSS OF THE ORDER
OF CHRIST or CROSS OF THE ORDER OF CHRIST’S KNIGHTS)
- A red cross pattée surmounted by a white Greek Cross being the former symbol of the medieval
Iberian Order of the Knights of Christ (Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Cristo) which now forms the air
force roundel of Portugal, and is often seen on the sub-national flags of both Portugal and Spain
– a Cross of the Order of Christ, a Cross of the Order of Christ's
Knights or a Christ’s Knight’s Cross - but see note below (also ‘cross pattée’,
‘Greek Cross 2)’,
‘roundel 1)’, ‘surmounted by’
Air Force Roundel, Portugal (fotw); Flag of
Madeira, Portugal (fotw); Arms and flag of
Ladoeiro, Portugal (fotw); Flag of the
Institute for Civil Aviation, Portugal (fotw)
a) This not a voided cross, but is properly described in heraldic terms as “a cross pattée Gules surmounted by a
Latin cross-couped Argent” - as described and referenced above.
b) Later variants may be based upon a Latin rather that a Greek Cross as
in the examples shown below (see ‘Latin cross’).
Cross and Star of the Brazilian Order of Christ (Wiki);
Arms of Guetim, Portugal (Sergio Horta); Flag of
Săo Paulo, Brazil (fotw)
- CROSS OF (THE ORDER OF) ST JOHN OF JERUSALEM
- See ‘Maltese cross’.
Flag of St John's Ambulance Brigade, (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Ivanec, Croatia (fotw)
- CROSS OF THE PORTUGUESE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
- See ‘rounded cross’.
Putative Banner of the Portuguese Knights Templar (fotw); Arms and Flag of Outeiro Major, Portugal (Sérgio Horta)
- CROSS OF TOULOUSE
- See ‘Occitan cross’.
Flag and Arms of Languedoc, France (fotw &
- CROSS OF VICTORY
- In Spanish, particularly Asturian, usage, a form of the cross bottony (most often a Latin cross bottony)
– see ‘cross botonny’ and
Flag and Arms of Asturias, Spain (fotw & ICH); Flag of
Gozón, Spain (fotw); Flag and Arms of Matadeón de los Oteros, Spain (vexileon.org)