- The heraldic term used when an animal is depicted on all four feet standing still whilst facing the dexter (see also ‘dexter’).
Flag of Hammerfest, Norway (fotw);
Arms and flag of Ferrel, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Mořkov, Czech Republic (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Morávka, Czech Republic (fotw)
- STATE ARMS (or COAT OF ARMS)
- See under ‘arms’.
National Arms of Australia (ICH); Arms of The State of
South Australia (ICH)
- STATE COLOURS (or COLORS)
- 1) See ‘national colours’.
- 2) A special mark of distinction carried by some foot regiments of the British
Brigade of Guards – but see
‘second colour’ (also
‘colours 2)’ and
‘royal standard 3)’).
- 3) The colours selected by a sub-national entity – particularly if the entity
is called a “state” - as representative of that entity - landesfarben (see also
‘state flag 2)’, ‘state symbols 2)’
and ‘sub-national flag’).
- 4) In US military usage a term, now obsolete, for one of the colours carried
by a unit of state militia or volunteers (usually when mustered into federal service)
as the second colour along with a national colour of the same design as that used
by regiments of the regular army.
National Colours of Italy, the US,
France and Poland; Colours of the State of
New Mexico, US
- STATE EMBLEM
- See ‘emblem
state, or national or royal’ under ‘emblem’.
State Emblem of Turkmenistan (fotw); State/National Emblem of
North Korea (fotw)
- STATE ENSIGN
- 1) See ‘government ensign’ under 'ensign'.
- 2) A term used to denote that flag flown on vessels operated by the government agencies
of a sub national entity – but see ‘admiralty flag 2)’
(also ‘state flag 2)’) .
State/Government Ensign of Belgium (fotw); State Ensign of
Hamburg, Germany (fotw)
- STATE FLAG
- 1) A variant of the national flag (or occasionally a completely different
design) which is restricted by law or custom (theoretically or actually) to use
by a country's government, and can often differ from the national flag by the
addition of a coat of arms or emblem – the government flag or federal service
flag (see also
‘coat of arms’,
‘emblem, national’ and
‘national flag’, together with ‘government
ensign’ and ‘naval ensign’ listed under ‘ensign’).
- 2) The flag of a territorial sub-division within a country, especially
when that subdivision is called a “state”. To avoid confusion with 1) however,
such a flag should normally be more precisely referred to as “the flag of the
state of” (see also ‘anti-heraldry’,
‘state arms 3)’ under ‘arms’,
‘state colours 3)’
‘state ensign 2)’
‘state service flag’ and
From left: State Flag of Lithuania (fotw);
Federal Service Flag of Austria (fotw); State Flag of
(fotw); Flag of the State of Tennessee, US (Graham Bartram)
- STATE MILITARY CREST
- See ‘military crest’.
State Military Crest of Nebraska, US (fotw)
- STATE SEAL
- 1) See ‘seal of the state of’.
2) See ‘seal’.
Seal of the State of Utah, US (fotw); State Seal of the
Northern Mariana Islands (fotw)
- STATE SERVICE FLAG
- 1) A term describing those flags of particularly (but not exclusively) German or Austrian states - or Länder -
that are intended for official as opposed to civil use (see also ‘ceremonial flag
‘official flag 2)’,
‘state flag 2)’
and ‘sub-national flag’ with following notes).
2) See ‘federal service flag’.
From left: The State Service Flag of Saxony; The Civil Flag of Saxony, Germany;
The State Service Flag of Styria; The Civil Flag of Styria, Austria (fotw)
- STATE SYMBOLS
- 1) See ‘national symbols’.
- 2) Those things, often established by law, which have been adopted as being symbolic of
a sub-national entity particularly when that entity is called a state, these may include the
flag of the state, and the state coat of arms or emblem, the state colours and possibly a
motto, a plant, an animal and/or a bird etc (see also ‘national symbols’
and ‘state colours 2)’).
Some Symbols of the State of New Mexico, US: Flag of the State, State Colours, State Seal. State Bird - Road Runner, State Flower – Yucca (fotw, Official Website and CS)
- STATE WAR FLAG (or STATE WAR ENSIGN)
- Direct translations of the German term Reichskriegsflagge - see ‘war flag 1)’ and ‘war flag 2)’.
Reichskriefeflaggen/State War Flags of Germany 1935 – 1938 and
1938 – 1945 (fotw)
- STAYED MAST
- A heavy high mast supported by means of stay cables. Stayed masts are often
erected at sea training establishments with proper main and top yards for seamanship
training purposes or at yacht clubs, and are fitted with a main yard gaff for
the hoisting of an ensign (see also
‘sailor’s mast’ and
- The Latin/Italian for star and occasionally seen in place of that term – see ‘star 1)’.
- The term used when the diagonal dividing line on a shield, banner of arms or a flag is
created by a series of step-like indentations (see also
‘stepped fly’ and
Flag and Arms of Donja Stubica, Croatia (fotw); Flag
and Arms of
St Gingolph, Switzerland (fotw &
Please note that this term may also be used to describe other charges as appropriate, for example a “mount stepped” as illustrated below – see ‘mount’ (also ‘cross of Calvary’).
Flag and Arms of Argeriz, Portugal (Antonio Martins)
- STEPPED FLY
- 1) (adj) A term for the type of flag, now largely (if not wholly) obsolete, whose fly is
extended by a rectangular projection (smaller in width and of varying length) centred on the
horizontal meridian of the flag (see also
- 2) See ‘stepped gonfalon’ below.
A selection of 19th Century US House Flags (CS)
a) This was not considered an established term and had been
introduced by the Editors as no (accurately descriptive) established alternative could then be found,
however, since that time the Italian term “gonfaloni scalinati” has been discovered and is accordingly
b) At the time of writing it is unclear as to whether the flag having a straight-sided but angled fly (as illustrated below) should be considered as “engrailed” or “stepped” – see ‘engrailed fly’.
Flag of Betxi, Spain (Jose Antonio Jimenez Ruiz)
- STEPPED GONFALON
- (adj) The term (and a direct translation of the Italian “gonfaloni scalinati”) that may be used to
describe those gonfalons whose fly forms a series of steps as in the examples given below (see also
‘gonfalon’ and ‘stepped’ ).
Asymmetric Right (or Dexter) Stepped; Asymmetric Left (or Sinister) Stepped; Symmetrical Outwardly Stepped; Symmetrical
- STICKPIN (or STICK PIN) FLAG
- See ‘lapel flag 1)’.
Stickpin flag (worldflags4u)
- In heraldry see ‘gemmed 1)’.
Flag and Arms of Villarsel-le-Gibloux, Switzerland (fotw
- STORM FLAG (or ENSIGN)
- 1) Specifically, in US military usage, the smallest size of national flag flown at army
and marine corps
posts - 5 feet (1.5 m) wide by 9 feet 6 inches (2.9 m) long, or half as wide and
half as long as a marine corps post flag (see also
and ‘post flag’).
- 2) Generally, a smaller size of flag than that laid down for general use, and meant to
be flown in stormy weather.
- 3) See ‘storm warning flag’ below.
- STORM WARNING FLAG (or PENNANT)
- In US and some other usage, one of a system of flags and pennants used to
warn mariners of severe weather in the area - a weather of weather warning
flag (see also
‘beach flag’ and ‘maritime lifesaving flags’).
US Coast Guard Storm Warning Flag and Storm Warning Pennant
- 1) A long narrow ribbon attached to a flag’s staff, such as those upon which
battle honours are inscribed (see also
and ‘streamer retaining ring’).
- 2) The term for a long narrow flag or pennant, now obsolete, usually (but not invariably)
showing livery colours, often stiffened with a frame and flown from a vessel for reasons of bravado or as decoration – sometimes (inaccurately) called a gonfalon (see also
‘ancient 2)’, ‘deck flags’,
‘masthead pennant 2)’,
3) See ‘wimpel’.
Please note with regard to 2) that streamers supplied to the
Henry Grace a Dieu (flagship of the English royal fleet) in 1514 are recorded as having
ranged between 15 and 51 yards (13.5m and 46m) long.
The Henri Grace a Dieu, The Peter and The Salamander, English Royal Navy c1525 (Wiki)
- STREAMER RETAINING RING
- An often decorative, ridged band sometimes fitted to the staff of a military
colour below the finial, and from which battle streamers are suspended (see also
‘staff 2)’ and ‘streamer 1)’).
- STRIKE (or STRIKE ONE’S COLOURS/FLAG)
- (v) A largely nautical term meaning to surrender - to lower or haul down
one's flag, as a sign of that surrender (see also ‘battle ensign(s)’,
and ‘nail one’s colours to the mast’).
- In heraldry a term used when the strings of a bow or of a musical instrument, the carrying strap of a horn, or the tapes that hang below a prelate’s mitre, particularly when these are of a different tincture
(see also ‘bugle horn’, ‘crozier’,
‘garnished’, ‘lappets’, ‘mitre’
National Arms of Ireland (fotw); Flag of
Cornellŕ del Terri, Spain (fotw); Arms of
Gandra, Portugal (fotw); Flag and Arms of
Bustos, Troviscal e Mamarrosa, Portugal (fotw)
- A band or bands of colour – whether disposed vertically, horizontally or
diagonally – which generally reach one or more edges of a flag, but which do
not cover the whole area – see ‘striped’
(also ‘appendix IX’,
National Flag of Zambia (fotw); National Flag
Gabon (fotw); National Flag of
Mauritius (fotw); Flag of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (fotw)
Please note that the most common heraldic terms
used in describing the stripe on a shield or banner of arms are listed separately, however, it is suggested that
suitable a glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted for further details.
- The term used to describe a flag having more than two parallel bands of colour – whether
disposed vertically, horizontally or diagonally – but see ‘appendix IX’,
‘tricolourtricolour ’ (also
Civil Flag of Belgium (fotw); National Flag of
Germany (fotw); National Flag of
Uganda (fotw); Flag of Berne, Switzerland (fotw)
- STUMPMAST (or STUMP MAST)
- A truncated mast (see also ‘flying line’,
and ‘mast 1)’).
Please note that a stumpmast with a fixed yard at the
truck giving it a T-shape is common right forward in the bows of those bulk cargo
carrying vessels plying the inland waterways of Europe so as to allow for passing
under bridges and other overhead obstructions. The taller of this type of mast is
also often hinged for lowering to deck level for the same purpose (see also