- SUB-NATIONAL FLAG
- A generic term for the flag of any territorial division within a sovereign
or independent country or within a federated state, that is subordinate to the
national flag of that country or federated state – a constituent state, province,
county, municipality or similar (see also
‘state flag 2) and
Flag of the State of
Acre, Brazil; Provincial Flag of Saskatchewan, Canada; County Flag of
Huntingdonshire, UK; Municipal Flag of
Góra Świętej Małgorzaty, Poland (fotw)
a) The flags of the constituent
parts of the UK – those of England, Scotland and Wales – although subordinate
to the Union Flag are also national flags under the law. Similar situations may,
however, exist in other countries, and the applicable country's laws should be
consulted to determine the status of such flags (see also
b) In the sub-divisions
of some countries – such as the Länder of Germany or provinces of Spain – there
are variants of the state or provincial flags for civil and official use - but
see ‘ceremonial flag 1)’,
'state service flag'
and ‘official flag 2)’ (also
Civil Flag La Rioja; Official Flag La Rioja, Spain (fotw)
- SUBSTITUTE (or SUBSTITUTE PENNANT)
- Any one of three triangular pennants used in the International Code of Signal
Flags (or any one of four in the NATO Code of Signals) to replace the relevant flag
or numeral pennant when that letter or number is to be repeated – thus only one set of signal flags need be carried aboard ship – a repeater or
repeater pennant - see ‘international code of signal flags’ (also
‘numeral pennant’ and
From left: First Substitute to the Third Substitute, ICS, together with a Fourth Substitute making up those in the NATO Signal Code.
Please note that in British RN usage a substitute or repeater was first introduced in Howe’s Code of 1790.
From left: Substitutes in RN Usage 1790–1799, 1799–1803, 1803-1810
- SUBVERTED (or SUBVERTANT)
- In heraldry see ‘reversed 2)’.
- SUIT (or SUITE) OF FLAGS
- The ensign, jack and masthead pennant of a commissioned warship (see
‘masthead pennant 1)’).
Stealth Warship of the Royal Norwegian Navy wearing a Suit of Flags
- 1) In vexillology see ‘disc’,
‘star 1)’ with its following note and
2) In heraldry see ‘sunin--splendour’.
- SUN-IN-SPLENDOUR (SUN-IN-SPLENDOR or SUN-IN-GLORY)
- The heraldic term for a sun that usually (but not exclusively) has alternating straight and wavy rays, and which often (although not
invariably) shows a face – but see ‘active and inactive’,
‘sun emblem’ and
‘sunburst’ (also ‘mullet’).
Flag and Arms of Cornaux, Switzerland (fotw
Flag and Arms of Kolobrzeg, Poland (fotw)
- The term used when a (usually but not invariably) rising sun is shown complete with its
rays – but see ‘radiating 1)’,
‘sun emblem’ and
‘sun in splendour’ (also ‘active’,
‘active and inactive’ and
A Sunburst Banner of Ireland (fotw): Lebowa Homeland, South Africa 1972 – 1994 (fotw); Corps Commander,
- SUN CROSS (SUNCROSS, SUN-WHEEL or SUN-WHEEL CROSS)
- The term for that variation of a Celtic cross which is now considered a symbol of neo-paganism, but
which has been, or is being used by Nazi and neo-Nazi movements in Europe, and (with a further
variation) the USA - a wheel cross or sun wheel cross - see
(also ‘arrow cross’
Flag of the Unghirden, Norway 1940 – 1945 (fotw); Flag of the
Nordiska Rikspartiet, Sweden (fotw); A Flag of the Ku Klux Klan, USA (Tomislav Todorovic)
Please note that in heraldic practice this type would be called a “cross annuletty” - see ‘annulet’ .
- SUN DISC (or DISK)
- See ‘disc’.
Aboriginal Flag, Australia
- SUN EMBLEM
- The term that may be used for a representation of the sun which is stylized rather than
pictorial, as on the examples shown below – but see ‘disk’,
‘solar sign’ with its following
note and ‘sunburst’ (also ‘active’,
‘active and inactive’,
‘rays 1)’ and
Flag of New Mexico, US (fotw); National Flag of Macedonia, 1992 – 95 (fotw); National Flag of the Philippines (fotw)
- SUNDAY ENSIGN
- A term used in the British Royal Navy and some others, to describe an ensign
larger than the normal daily size that is flown on ships and at naval establishments
on Sundays and/or days of national celebration – a ceremonial ensign or flag (see
also ‘ceremonial ensign’ and
Sunday Ensign worn aboard a Ship of the RCN, 2014 (official website)
Please note that it this is not to be confused with
a flag of ceremony (see also
'indoor flag’ and
- SUNSET (THE CEREMONY OF)
- The ceremony of lowering the ensign and jack particularly (but not exclusively)
aboard a warship or naval shore establishment at the local time of sunset or at
a specified time at the end of a working day - conducting or making sunset or
evening colours (see also
‘colours 5)’ and
Naval Ensign, UK (fotw);
Naval Ensign, South Africa 1952 – 1981 (fotw)
- SUPERIMPOSED (or SUPERIMPOSED BY)
- 1) In vexillology the term used when one charge is placed in front of or over another.
2) In heraldry a phrase sometimes used in place of the correct English heraldic term ‘surmounted by’ - see ‘surmounted by’.
Flag of Oklahoma, US (fotw);
Flag and Arms of Šibenik-Knin, Croatia (fotw);
Burgee of the Club Náutico Azopardo, Brazil (fotw)
- SUPPORTER’S FLAG/PENNANT
- 1) See ‘sports flag 2)’.
- 2) See ‘political flag’.
A Football Supporters Flag, Croatia (fotw); Flag of the Polish Independence Movement
- Human, mythological or animal figures traditionally placed either side of a shield in a set of armorial
bearings - see also Appendix IV (also
‘coat of arms’,
and ‘heraldic beasts’).
National Arms of Jamaica (fotw);
National Arms of Chile (fotw); State Arms of
Pennsylvania, US (fotw); Arms of the Azores, Portugal (Sérgio Horta); National Arms of
- SUPPOSITIOUS FLAG
- The term for a historical flag that is actually erroneous, but which is accepted as
factual because of repeated usage – a mythical flag (see also
‘putative flag’ and
A Suppositious Spanish Naval Ensign of the 1785 Pattern
- SUPRA-NATIONAL (or SUPER-NATIONAL) FLAG
- The flag of an organization, some aspects of whose authority and/or influence
transcend national sovereignty, as in for example, that of the United Nations
or European Union (but see also
‘Geneva Convention flag’,
‘patchwork flag 1)’ and
‘safe conduct flag’.
Flag of The United Nations (fotw);
Flag of The Commonwealth of Nations (fotw); Flag of
The World Bank (fotw)