Last modified: 2017-12-18 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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19th Century Mongolian Thangka (Wikipedia)
The Ensign of Italy 1848 – 1946 (fotw); The Ensign of Spain 1785-1931 (fotw)
The Jack/Naval Jack 1879 – 1946, Italy (fotw); The Jack/Naval Jack of Spain 1945 – 1977 (fotw)
Canton of the National Flag/Traditional Jack, US (fotw); Flag of Sarawak 1946 – 1953 (fotw)
Flag of the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines, UK (Graham Bartram); National Flag of Lithuania (fotw); National Flag of The Congo (fotw)
Naval Ensign/State Flag of Norway (fotw); Flag of Halič, Slovakia (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Dürrenäsch, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)
Imperial Standard 1871 - 1918, Germany (fotw); The Empire of Brazil 1822 – 1889 (fotw)
Flag of Correvon, Switzerland (fotw); Arms of Dobrovnik, Slovenia (fotw); Flag and Arms of Mont-sur-Rolle, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Gettnau, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)
Please note that a field divided in tiercé may be described in several different ways and it is suggested that a glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted for full details, however, among those ways are per fess, per pale or per bend depending upon whether it is horizontal, vertical or diagonal – see ‘bend’, ‘fess’ and ‘pale’ (also ‘per bend’ and ‘per bend sinister’).
Please note that the increasingly (but by no means entirely) obsolete practice of fixing a flag to its pole or staff by a series of attached loops is almost certainly based on this earlier use of ties – but see ‘loops’ (also ‘sleeve 2)’).
Flag of the Army For Slanted Display, Bolivia (fotw & CS)
From left: Gules, Azure, Vert, Purpure, Sable, Brunatre, Tenne, Or, Argent, Ermine, Potent and Vair
a) The basic colours used in English heraldry are gules (red), azure (blue), vert (green), purpure (purple) and sable (black,), with others listed under ‘mixed tinctures’ and ‘shades of tincture’ as referenced above.
b) There are some variations not given herein, and we suggest that a suitable glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted if further details are required.
Flag of the Partioheraldikot r.y., Finland (fotw); Royal Flag of Sweden (fotw); Presidential Flag, Iceland (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Oostrozebeke, Belgium (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag of Casablanca 1968 – 1976, Morocco (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Appenzell, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)
Flag of Industriequartier Zurich, Switzerland (fotw)
Royal Crown and National Arms of Spain (fotw)
Example; Flag and Arms of Burg im Leimental, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag of Niederbipp, Switzerland (fotw)
Please note that in strict English heraldic usage this term should only be applied when the charge described in red (“gules”) – see ‘tinctures’.
Arms and Flag of Arcas, Portugal (fotw)
Please note that other translations of the term “wanderfahne” have been proposed, but have not yet been adopted into English vexillology.
From left: Flag and Arms of Torre de Dona Chama, Portugal (Antonio Martins); Flag of Castile-La Mancha, Spain; Naval Jack of Spain (fotw); Arms and Flag of Belmonte, Portugal (Klaus-Michael Schneider & fotw)
Please note that other variants might include a tower with a steeple or a tower domed (or with a cupola), with the example given below being a tower triple towered with one domed.
Flag and Lesser Arms of Hamburg, Germany (fotw)
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