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Dictionary of Vexillology: F (Flag - Flag Mast)
Last modified: 2017-09-16 by rob raeside
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- 1) Generically, any piece of cloth (occasionally paper, plastic or metal) usually
with provision for attaching by one edge to a staff or halyard, generally (but
not exclusively) intended to fly freely in the wind, and which by displaying the
colours and/or the charges upon it, to act as a mark of identity, rallying point
- 2) Specifically, the term is employed in opposition (by use, custom, tradition
or shape) to the more specific descriptions such as (for example) colour, banner,
ensign jack or pennant as defined herein - see the entries under
‘ensign’, as well as
‘pennant 2)’ with its following notes.
- 3) In British RN and some other usage, the term used (often in signalling) to describe the authority/office of an admiral in command see
‘flag officer 2)’ (also ‘flag of command 1)’).
- 4) See ‘flag down, to’.
Civil Ensign of Australia (fotw);
Flag of the State of Arkansas, US (fotw);
Naval Jack of Norway (fotw); National Flag of
Haiti (fotw); State Flag of Iceland (fotw)
- FLAG ACT
- See ‘flag law’.
- FLAG ADJUTANT
- In US Navy and some other usage, the title carried by the aide to a flag officer –
the loop or loop – but see ‘flag lieutenant’
and the note below (also ‘aiguillette’
and ‘flag officer 3)’).
Please note that this appointment received its nickname the loop from the
aiguillette (in gold and blue cord with tassels) worn from the left shoulder by such
- FLAG ARMS
- A term used when the arms that appear on a flag are officially different from the
relevant national or provincial coat of arms or emblem - see ‘flag emblem’ (see also
‘middle arms’ and
‘state arms’ under ‘arms’ plus
‘coat of arms’).
From left: The Flag Arms and National Arms of Peru;
Flag Arms and National Arms of Kenya (fotw and Zeljko Heimer);
The Flag Arms and Civic Arms of Bremen, Germany (fotw)
- FLAG BADGE
- See ‘lapel flag 1)’.
- FLAG BAG
- In US Naval usage, a colloquial term for the bridge locker in which signal flags and
ensigns etc are stored (see also ‘flags 1)’
and ‘signal flag’).
- FLAG BEARER
- 1) One who carries any sub-national or national flag when it is mounted on a hand-held
staff (see also ‘flag carrier’,
- 2) See ‘colour bearer’ and
‘standard bearer 1)’.
- FLAG BELT
- A decorative band worn around the neck (often in national colours) or a leather strap worn around
bot the waist and neck, with a supporting socket into which the bottom end (or foot) of the staff is fitted, and which assists
a marching standard/colour bearer to support its weight – a colour belt or sling
(see also ‘colour bearer’,
‘staff 2)’ and
‘standard bearer 1)’).
Flag Belt According to Spanish Regulations (Reglamento de Banderas Actualizado)
- FLAG BOOK (or FLAGBOOK)
- A collection of flag images and/or of flag information illustrated with such
images, that is published in book form or as a loose-leaf folder (see also
‘flag chart’ and ‘flag plate’).
Pages from the
Album des Pavillons (shom.fr)
- FLAG BURNING
- The wanton destruction of a flag by public burning, usually (but not exclusively)
for political motives - but see also ‘rules of preservation and disposal’ in
- FLAG CANTON
- See ‘canton flag’.
National flag of Tuvalu
- FLAG CAPTAIN
- In British RN, USN and some other naval usage, the Captain in command of any vessel
carrying a flag officer - see ‘flagship’ and the notes below (also
‘flag officer 1)’,
‘flag officer 2)’ and
a) An admiral does not command the ship that flies his flag, but has an officer
under him the flag captain as defined above who does (see also
‘flag of command 1)’).
In British RN usage before 1958, this term would also have included
those officers in command of any vessel carrying a first class commodore, however, that
rank is currently in abeyance and a commodore (formerly a commodore of the second class)
now commands the ship himself - see ‘in abeyance’.
- FLAG CARRIER
- 1) An airline – and in the past also a shipping line – that is considered
to represent the nation concerned and whose aircraft will usually carry a representation
of the national flag (see also ‘flag bearer 1)’ and ‘national flag’).
- 2) An airline or shipping line whose aircraft or ships are registered in a
given country and entitled to fly or display its flag.
- FLAG CASE
- 1) See ‘case 1)’.
- 2) In US usage a triangular case designed to hold a folded flag secure a commemorative flag case
(see also ‘flag folding’
and ‘pall flag’).
- FLAG CHARGE
- A charge placed specifically on the field of a flag (see also
- FLAG CHART
- A collection of flag images produced on a single sheet, that is displayed
fully opened out and often rolled up or folded for storage (see also
‘flag book’ and ‘flag plate’).
Flags of Europe
- FLAG CODE
- A set of protocols to govern the correct and respectful usage of the national
flag. In some countries these are enforceable by law, but in others they remain
recommendations only – see Appendix II
(also ‘flag etiquette’, ‘flag law’,
‘rules of respect’ and
‘position of honour’).
- FLAG DAY (or FLAG WEEK)
- 1) A holiday, commemorative day or other period of time for the affirmation
of patriotic values expressed in and through the national flag (see also
‘flag flying days’ and
- 2) In UK usage, the term that describes a charity event during which donations
are acknowledged by the receipt of a paper flag (see also
‘flag flying days’ and
‘lapel flag 2)’).
- FLAG DESIGN COMPETITION
- A competition (either official or unofficial) that invites designs from which a new
or replacement flag may be selected - usually by a committee appointed for that purpose (
see also ‘ausflag’ and ‘flag proposal’).
Winner and Three Rejected Entries in the Design Competition for a National Flag of Malaysia, 1949 (fotw)
- FLAG DISC (or DISK)
- In the British Royal Navy and in some others, an (appropriate) metal disc
displayed on boats carrying an officer of flag rank to indicate whether that officer
expects full ceremonial passing honours, or whether they are proceeding informally
and only require normal side party salutes (see also
‘boat flag 3)’,
‘flag officer’ and ‘royal plate’).
From left: Alert and Salute only; Courtesy Salute Only, RN (Graham
- FLAG DISCRIMINATION
- The often legal requirement for shippers to choose the national flag carrier,
airline or shipping company over others (particularly but not exclusively foreign
lines) when shipping goods or transporting people (see also
- FLAG DOWN, TO
- (v) To signal a vehicle to stop or slow down as a warning of danger or obstruction on a road or railway,
by waving a (usually) red flag, slowly up and down, or by using only the hand by day or torches by night in
similar fashion (see also 'flag').
- FLAG EMBLEM
- A term used when the emblem that appears on a flag is officially different from the
relevant national or provincial emblem (although it may contain an element or elements from
that emblem) see
‘emblem, state or national’ (also
‘fin flash’, and
Flag emblems from the left: Uganda,
Mozambique and Lebanon (fotw)
- FLAG ETIQUETTE
- The international customs applicable to the display of flags when flying together
– see ‘Appendix II’ and
'rules of etiquette' (also
‘flag code’, ‘flag law’ and
‘position of honour’).
- FLAG EXCHANGE
- 1) The term – and a translation of the German flaggenwechsel
which may be used to describe the point during
the fitting out of a vessel when the builder’s house flag is replaced with that of its new owners (see
also ‘launching flags’).
2) See ‘souvenir flags 1)’.
- FLAG FAMILY
- A group of flags that share a common heritage or feature, usually shown in either
the colours used or the design employed, or in both (see also
‘core flag’, ‘difference’,
‘Dutch colours 1))’
‘Garvey colours 1))’
'pan-Arab Colours' and 'pan-Slavic Colours').).
A Flag of Gran Colombia 1819 - 1830 (fotw); Civil Flag/Ensign of
National Flag of Ecuador
(fotw); National Flag of Colombia
- FLAG FLYING DAYS
- An official list of occasions upon which flags must be flown, generally (but
not exclusively) from public buildings (see also ‘flag day
Please note that the list of flag flying days usually
refers only to the relevant national flag, but that there are several exceptions.
- FLAG FOLDING
- Specifically in US and some other - particularly (but not exclusively) military
and naval - usage, the precisely prescribed and ceremonial folding of the national
flag or ensign for presentation and/or storage (see also
‘flag case 2)’ and
- FLAG FOR SLANTED (DIAGONAL or OBLIQUE) DISPLAY
- In South American usage and in some others, a phrase that may be used when the design
of a flag, or of any element thereon, is orientated so that it appears horizontal when
displayed from a diagonally mounted or held staff, (usually but not invariably) for indoor
use or when carried over the shoulder on parade a tilted flag, a diagonal, oblique or
slanted display design or flag but see
‘indoor flag’ and
‘parade flag 1)’).
Flag of the Chairman of the Joint Armed Forces Staff, Peru; Flag of the Army, Bolivia
Both For Slanted Display (fotw & CS)
- FLAG HEIGHT
- See ‘width 1)’.
- FLAG HOIST
- See ‘signal hoist’.
GN2 (Golf-Novmber-2) in The International Code of Signal Flags or I will take off persons (fotw)
- FLAG LAW (or FLAG LEGISLATION)
- The legal means, by which any constituted authority establishes, regulates,
defines or amends a flag - flag legislation or a flag act (see also
‘official flag 1)’,
‘position of honour’,
‘royal order in council’,
‘royal order in council’,
‘type flag’ and
- FLAG LIEUTENANT
- In British RN and some other usage, the title carried by the aide to a flag officer
- but see ‘flag adjutant’ (also ‘flag captain’
‘flag officer 2)’).
Please note that the title derives from that
officer’s former principal responsibilities (now superseded by modern
communications methods) for the handling of an admiral’s flag signal traffic -
see ‘signal flag’ (also ‘yeoman
- FLAG LOCKER
- In British RN and some other usage, the area in which signal flags, flags of command and ensigns etc., are stored aboard ship (see also ‘bunting tosser’,
flags 1)’, ‘signal flag’
- FLAG MAST (or FLAGMAST)
- See ‘flag pole’ (also ‘mast
‘staff 2)’ and
Please note that the terms flagstaff, flag mast
and flag pole may be considered as interchangeable, but that ‘mast‘ and ‘staff’
when used alone have specific meanings.
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