Last modified: 2017-11-26 by ivan sache
Keywords: bursa |
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Flag of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality, three versions - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 20 November 2017
Bursa is the fourth most populous town in Turkey (1,704,441 inhabitants in the town proper in 2011, 1,948,744 in the Metropolitan Municipality).
Bursa was one of the first capital of the Ottoman State (1335), therefore its historical and cultural significance. The town is built in the foots of Uludağ, the mountain that has the most important winter sports resort in Turkey. Bursa has a significant role in Turkish industry with its proximity to supplies and distribution means.
Onur Özgün, 3 September 2004
The flag of Bursa (photo, photo, photo), also used vertically (photo, photo) is blue with the municipality's emblem. "Büyükşehir Belediyesi" means "Metropolitan Municipality".
The emblem of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality was chosen by the Municipality Assembly on 22 June 1976 among three submissions. The winning design was drawn by graphic artist Nazmi Günes.
From top to bottom, the following elements are shown on the emblem; Uludağ, the mountain that is close to Bursa; the Green Tomb, the tomb of Çelebi Mehmet constructed in 1421; Ulu Cami, one of the most important mosques of early Ottoman history and architecture; and kilickalkan dancers, a Turkish folk dance performed with a shield and a sword.
In 1991, after receiving the European City Award, the municipality added 12 stars around the emblem, which recall the European Union flag.
Built in the Seljuk style, Ulu Cami was ordered by the Ottoman Sultan
Bayezid I and built between 1396 and 1399 by architect Ali Neccar. Ulu
Cami is the largest mosque in Bursa and a landmark of early Ottoman
architecture which used many elements from the Seljuk architecture.
It is a large rectangular building, with 20 domes arranged in four rows
of five that are supported by 12 columns. Supposedly the 20 domes were
built instead of the 20 separate mosques which Sultan Bayezid I had
promised for winning the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. The mosque has two
There is also a fountain (şadırvan) inside the mosque where worshipers can perform ritual ablutions before prayer; the dome over the şadırvan is capped by a skylight which creates a soft light below, playing an important role in the illumination of the large building. The horizontally spacious and dimly lit interior is designed to feel peaceful and contemplative. The subdivisions of space formed by multiple domes and pillars create a sense of privacy and even intimacy.
[Beautiful Mosques Gallery]
Onur Özgün, Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 20 November 2017
Former flag of Bursa
Former flag of Bursa - Image by Jens Pattke, 30 September 2012
The former flag of Bursa (photo) was blue with the municpality's emblem in full colors.
Onur Özgün, Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 23 October 2017
Logo flag of Bursa - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 30 April 2015
The logo flag of Bursa (photo) is inscribed with the motto "Ulu Şehir", "The Big Town".
Tomislav Šipek, 30 April 2015
Flag of Bursaspor - Image by Ivan Sache, 21 February 2016
Bursaspor (website) was established in 1963 in Bursa, as the merger of five amateur football clubs, Acar İdman Yurdu, Akınspor, Çelikspor, İstiklalspor, and Pınarspor. The club joined the First League in 1967 and won the Cup of Turkey in 1987.
The best achievement of Bursaspor, however, is the win of the First League in 2010; Bursaspor was only the 5th Turkish and 2nd Anatolian club (26 years after Trabzonspor) to win the title.
The flag of Bursaspor (photo) is white with three horizontal green stripes and the club's emblem in the center.
The emblem associates the club's colour - green for the green environment of the town and white for snow covering Mt. Uludağ - and the Turkish flag.
The five stars (black, red, yellow, green and blue) and year "1963" have been featured on the six emblems successively used by the club since its foundation. The five stars represent the clubs that merged to form Bursaspor.
Ivan Sache, 21 February 2016