- (adj.) The heraldic term for a sharply undulating line of division on a shield, banner or arms or a flag,
or the edge of an ordinary such as a fess or chevron, and intended to represent clouds – but see note below
(also ‘banner of arms’, ‘fess’, ‘chevron 1)’ and
Arms and Flag of Buochs, Switzerland (Wikipedia
& fotw); Arms and Flag of Tartar, Switzerland (Wikipedia
& fotw); Flag of Groesbeek, The Netherlands (fotw)
Please note that this term is not to be confused with unde,
undy or wavy – see ‘wavy’
- See ‘embroider’
- A type of single-masted, medieval trading vessel (usually shown with fore
and aft castles as equipped for war) – but see ‘ancient ship’.
Flag and Arms of New Brunswick, Canada (fotw &
Flag and Arms of Elblag County, Poland (fotw);
Flag and Arms of Lisbon, Portugal (fotw)
Please note that the terms “nef” and “cog” both refer to a single-masted sailing vessel and are
generally considered interchangeable, however, properly speaking the earlier cog was steered by a long
oar, whereas the later nef had a stern mounted rudder.
- NEOGRENADINE TRICOLOUR (or NEOGRENADINE TRIBAND)
- A term sometimes applied to a tricolour whose upper stripe is twice the width of each of its lower two (see also ‘uneven tricolour ’).
National Flag of Colombia (fotw); National Flag of
Ecuador (fotw); Flag of Chiquintad, Equador (Antonio Martins)
Please note that the term dates from the early 19th Century, and the South American wars of liberation against Spain.
- NEO-NAZI FLAGS
- See ‘swastika’ and ‘rune(s)’.
Flag of National Socialist Action, Chile (fotw); Flag of
National Democratic Party (1999-2009), Lithuania (fotw);
Flag of the Hungarian Welfare Association, Hungary (fotw)
- NETTLE LEAF
- In Continental (often but not exclusively German) heraldry, a term for the (usually) white
charge that is reputed to be a development of the zig-zag border (see also ‘serrated 1)’).
Flag and Arms of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany (fotw); Flag of
Kiel, Germany (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Pinneberg, Germany (fotw)
- The heraldic term for being depicted wearing a halo – see ‘nimbus’
Flag and Arms of Škabrnje, Croatia (fotw); Flag
and Arms of
Saint-Cierges, Switzerland (fotw &
- The heraldic term for a halo, the aura (or circle of light) that surrounds
the head in the representation of a saint or of a holy animal – see
and ‘Eye of God’).
Flag of Titterten, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of the
Veneto Region, Italy; Flag and Arms of
Kastav, Croatia (fotw); Flag and Arms of Glarus, Switzerland (fotw
- See ‘daimyo flags’
- The French for black and sometimes (mistakenly) used instead of the correct heraldic term sable – see ‘sable’.
- NORDIC CROSS
- See ‘Scandinavian cross’.
National Flag of Iceland (fotw)
- NORTH-EAST DIAGONAL
- A diagonal stripe running from the upper fly edge to the lower hoist corner, whose corners may or
may not touch the corners of the flag but whose width is contained within the length of the flag at its
top edge and the width of the flag at its fly (see also
and ‘west-south diagonal’).
Flag of Nýrov, Czech Republic (fotw)
Please note that this term, whilst an extension of those existing and
established, has been introduced by the editors.
- NORTH-SOUTH DIAGONAL
- A diagonal stripe that runs from the upper hoist to the lower fly, and whose
corners generally (but not invariably) touch the corners of the flag but whose width is entirely contained within
the length of the flag – an enhanced bend - see ‘bend’ (also
and ‘west-south diagonal’).
National Flag of Trinidad and Tobago (fotw);
Flag of Aspariegos, Spain (fotw); Flag of
Arco-Íris, Brazil (fotw);
Flag of the Alaska State Troopers, US (fotw)
- NUMBER FLAG (or PENNANT)
- See 'insurance flag'.
19th Century Number/Insurance Flag from Stralsund, Germany (Željko Heimer)
- NUMERAL (or NUMERIC SIGNAL) FLAG
- Any one of a set of straight-sided flags of simple design representing the
numerals zero to nine, and used in some naval flag signal codes – a numeric signal flag (see also
'numeral pennant' and
Numeral Flags 0 – 3 in the RN/USN/NATO Code of Naval Signals (fotw)
- NUMERAL PENNANT
- Any one of a set of tapered square-ended pennants (or trapezoids) of simple design representing
the numerals zero to nine, and used in the International Code of Signal flags
as well as some naval flag signal codes (see also
‘International Code of Signal Flags’,
Numeral Pennants 0 to 3 in the International Code of Signals (fotw)