Last modified: 2019-08-06 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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Flag of Oegstgeest, The Netherlands (fotw)
Lord High Admiral 1660, England (fotw); Lord High Admiral 1685 – 1688, England (fotw); The Board of Admiralty 19th Century, UK (fotw); Current Pattern, UK (fotw)
a) This office reverted to the crown in 1964 and HM The Queen was, for many years, her own Lord High Admiral (the present incumbent is HRH The Duke of Edinburgh), however, during the preceding two hundred and fifty years the office was most often “in commission” and this flag (or variations thereof) was also flown by the Board of Admiralty.
b) The three masthead flags flown when the monarch is aboard a naval vessel are traditionally that of the Lord High Admiral at the fore, the royal standard at the main and a union jack at the mizzen (see also ‘foremast’, ‘main’ and ‘mizzen’).
A Royal Visit to the Fleet 1672, William van de Veld (NMM)
Austria Ancient, Austria Modern (fotw); France Ancient, France Modern (fotw); Ancient/Ship’s Ensign, English c1590 (fotw)
Arms and Flag of Reguenga, Portugal (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Kostrena, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Hauts-de-Seine, France (fotw); Arms and Flag of Lisboa, Portugal (fotw)
a) A vessel with oars but more than one mast should be blazoned “galley” – see ‘galley’.
b) Single-masted Medieval sailing ships fall into a number of different categories of which two are separately defined herein under ‘cog 2)’ and ‘nef’.
c) This term can (and sometimes does) include sailing vessels with more than one mast as illustrated below – see ‘caravel’, ‘carrack’ and ‘galleon’.
Jack of Trinity House, UK (fotw)
Russian ensign (fotw).
Please note that Андреевский - Andreevskiĭ with alternative transliterations - is the Russian term for their naval ensign.
Guidon of the Royal Gloucestershire Yeomanry 1797, UK (fotw)
Flag used by the Music Group X Clan (fotw); Arms and Flag of Ribafria e Pereiro de Palhacana, Portugal (ICH and fotw)
Flag and Arms of Wendezelle, (Germany fotw); Flag and Arms of Suraua, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Groß Twülpstedt, Germany (fotw & Wikipedia)
Arms and Flag of the Rulers of Tuscany, 1531-1737 (Wikipedia & fotw)
An Anshent/Ancient, English c1590 (fotw)
Code/Answering Pennant in the ICS (fotw)
Please note, it is suggested that the alternative form was used in medieval manuscripts.
39 Star Flag of the United States 1839 (fotw); Naval Ensign of Bolivia (fotw)
Please note that the 39 star of the United States, for example (and illustrated above), displays a symbol in advance of any official authorization, whereas a “flag of pretence”, for example the national flag of Comoros or naval ensign of Bolivia, shows one more star than they have provinces under their control.
State Seal of Florida, US (fotw); State Seal of Virginia, US (ICH); National Symbol of France (ICH); Emblem of Soviet Russia 1956 – 1991 (fotw); Emblem of Yugoslavia 1963 – 1991 (fotw)
Please note that this term has its origins in a rejection of heraldic symbolism and of all things having a connection to royalty or the nobility, with prominent early examples stemming from the American War of Independence and the French Revolution.
Flag of the Citizens of Guelph, Canada (fotw); Flag of Wellington, Canada (fotw); Flag of Newfoundland, Canada 1862 – 1872 (fotw); An English Heraldic Pattern Antique Crown (Parker)
Ensign and Burgee of the Royal Lymington Yacht Club, UK (fotw)
Arms and Flag of Draž, Croatia (fotw)
Arms and Flag of Heiden, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)
Military Attaché, UK (Graham Bartram); RAF Station Commander, UK (fotw); RNZAF Officer of Air Rank Commanding a Base, New Zealand (fotw)
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