- An alternative term for the basic colours used in heraldry as illustrated
below - see
From left: Gules, Azure, Vert, Purpure and Sable
- An alternative heraldic term covering arched and embowed - see ‘arched’ and
Arms and Flag of Nebikon, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)
- A medieval term, now obsolete, for a mounted standard bearer
(see also ‘balcanifer’).
Royal Standard Bearer/Enceniator, England c1450 (Wikipedia)
- ENCIRCLED (or ENCOMPASSED)
- 1. The term that is used when a continuous line, or number of smaller charges are placed in a circular (or near circular) pattern around a larger one - encompassed.
2. A term that is also used (albeit inaccurately) to describe a border set around a non-circular centre (such as a shield).
Flag of Hamilton, Canada (fotw);
Flag of Chuuk, Micronesia (fotw);
Flag of the Maryland National Guard, US (fotw)
- ENCROACHING UPON (or ON)
- See ‘covering 1)’ and
State Flag of Bremen, Germany (fotw);
Flag of Almería, Spain (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term for indented - see ‘indented 1)’.
Arms and Flag of Munxar, Malta (Wikipedia & fotw)
- ENDING TRIANGULARLY
- See ‘triangular-ended’.
Gonfalon of Donja Dubrava, Croatia (fotw)
- An alternative term to pallet see 'pallet'.
Arms and Flag of Richterswil, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term to addorsed - see ‘addorsed’.
Arms and Flag of Kolšov, Czechia (Wikipedia &
- An alternative heraldic term to inflamed - see ‘inflamed’.
Flag and arms of Velika Kopahnica, Croatia (fotw)
- (adj) A heraldic term for where a division in the field of a banner of arms
or shield, a border or the edge of an ordinary, is cut into a series of indented curves
or half circles strung together - that is with the half-circles facing inward
and points outward - ingrailed (see
also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘banner of arms’,
‘coat of arms’,
Flag of Genthod,
Switzerland (fotw); Arms and
Flag of Berry, France (Wikipedia & fotw); Flag and Arms of
Výčapy, Czechia (fotw & Wikipedia
- ENGRAILED CROSS
- See ‘engrailed’.
Arms and Flag of Espinho, Portugal (fotw)
- ENGRAILED FLY
- (adj) A term for a form of flag, now largely but not entirely obsolete, whose fly either came to a
point or was extended by a central projection, but in which both sides form a
concave arc (see also ‘engrailed’,
14th Century Flag of Tunis (fotw), 14th Century Flag of
Croatia (fotw); 13th Century Flag of Aragon (fotw); Flag of
Vall de Gallinera, Spain (fotw)
This is not an established term, but has been
introduced by the Editors since no established alternative could be found.
b) At the time of writing it is unclear as to whether the flag having a straight-sided but angled fly (as illustrated below) should be considered as “engrailed” or “stepped” – see ‘stepped fly’.
Flag of Betxi, Spain (Jose Antonio Jimenez Ruiz)
- 1) A heraldic term for when the main ordinary on a shield, banner of arms or
flag is placed in a higher position than its proper place - raised (see also
‘abased’, ‘banner of arms’ and
2) A term that may also be used when a shield is placed in a higher position than is normal (see also ‘shield 1)’).
Examples; Flag of Světlá nad Sázavou,
Please note however, that enhanced has a slightly
different meaning when applied to the vexillological terms enhanced bend and enhanced
bend sinister given below.
- ENHANCED BEND
- See ‘north-south diagonal’
(also ‘Appendix IX’).
- ENHANCED BEND SINISTER
- See ‘south-north diagonal’ (also ‘Appendix IX’).